Chemical Characteristics of Chicken Litter Waste in Closed-House System

Teguh Budi Prasetyo (1), Amsar Maulana (2), Moli Monikasari (3), Alfino Andestopano (4), Irwan Darfis (5), Ikram Pratama (6), Ridho Ryswaldi (7), Herviyanti Herviyanti (8)
(1) Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Agriculture Faculty, Andalas University, Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
(2) Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Agriculture Faculty, Andalas University, Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
(3) Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Agriculture Faculty, Andalas University, Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
(4) Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Agriculture Faculty, Andalas University, Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
(5) Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Agriculture Faculty, Andalas University, Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
(6) Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Agriculture Faculty, Andalas University, Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
(7) Department of Management, Economic and Business Faculty, Andalas University, Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
(8) Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Agriculture Faculty, Andalas University, Limau Manis, Padang, Indonesia
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How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Prasetyo, Teguh Budi, et al. “Chemical Characteristics of Chicken Litter Waste in Closed-House System”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 3, June 2024, pp. 1026-34, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.3.19700.
Waste from the broiler and layer farming industry with a closed-house system continues to increase without optimizing waste utilization and harms the environment. Potential chicken litter waste from the chicken farming industry in West Sumatra is 5 tons per harvest (40 days) from a chicken livestock capacity of 100,000 chickens. This research aims to assess the potential and utilization and study the biochemistry of chicken manure waste in closed-house systems as biosorbents and fertilizers through amelioration technology. Closed-house chicken coop bedding waste (CHCCW) in the form of sawdust has functional groups such as carboxyl that can absorb cations because it can increase the negative charge in the soil so that it can be utilized by plants. In addition, the CHCCW can also absorb cations (pollutants). Chemical characteristics from the analysis results prove the ability of the CHCCW. Chicken litter waste has chemical characteristics that have the potential as a biosorbent and are valid as fertilizer, which has a proximate composition (moisture 4.26%; volatile matter 74.20%; ash 6.78% and fixed carbon 14.76%); pH (pH H2O 8.37 and pH PZC 7.37); electrical conductivity (EC) >2 dS m-1 and cation exchange capacity (CEC) 182.67 Cmol(+)kg-1. The nutrient composition of chicken manure waste in closed-house systems has macro nutrients (6.88% C; 0.06% N; 5.89% P; 34.89% K; 36.28% Ca; 5.76% S) and micronutrients (2.49% Fe; 1.39% Mn; 1.22% Zn; 1.01% Cu; and 5.15% Cl). Chicken manure waste in closed-house systems also has functional groups such as O-H, N-H, C-H, C-OH, C=C, C=O, C-O-C, Si-O, and O-CH3, which play an active role in the absorption of pollutants and nutrients in the soil.

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