Cite Article

Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose from Cladophora sp. Algae

Choose citation format

BibTeX

@article{IJASEIT10278,
   author = {S. Steven and Y. Mardiyati and Silvia Mar’atus Shoimah and Raden Reza Rizkiansyah and Sigit Puji Santosa and Rochim Suratman},
   title = {Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose from Cladophora sp. Algae},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {11},
   number = {3},
   year = {2021},
   pages = {1035--1041},
   keywords = {Algae; Cladophora; crystallinity: nanocrystalline cellulose; particle size.},
   abstract = {

Nanomaterial is one of the recent technological advancements that attracts the attention of many scientists. Many advanced properties could emerge from the utilization of materials on this scale. Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) is a cellulose-based nanomaterial currently gaining attention because of its remarkable properties. NCC was prepared by removing the amorphous part of cellulose through acid hydrolysis. Cladophora is a type of algae with a fiber-like body, that could grow rapidly and widely available in the Indonesian coastal area, which is considered a nuisance and has no known high economic value. Cladophora can be used as an alternative source of cellulose because it has a high amount of cellulose. Cellulose could be extracted from Cladophora using 17.5% of NaOH at 100°C, 1 M sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 100°C, and bleaching with 5% hydrogen peroxide at 100°C. Nanocrystalline cellulose could be extracted by sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 100°C, with a concentration of 2 M, 3 M, and 5 M. The duration of the process for each concentration, varied for 5, 10, and 15 hours. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Particle Size Analyzer (PSA), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to characterize the resulting hydrolyzed product. The result showed that the increase in acid concentration and processing duration increased the crystallinity while decreased particle length and cellulose diameter. The highest crystallinity and smallest particle size were 96.36% and 189.2 nm, obtained by acid hydrolysis in 5 M sulfuric acid for 15 hours.

},    issn = {2088-5334},    publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},    url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=10278},    doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.11.3.10278} }

EndNote

%A Steven, S.
%A Mardiyati, Y.
%A Mar’atus Shoimah, Silvia
%A Rizkiansyah, Raden Reza
%A Puji Santosa, Sigit
%A Suratman, Rochim
%D 2021
%T Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose from Cladophora sp. Algae
%B 2021
%9 Algae; Cladophora; crystallinity: nanocrystalline cellulose; particle size.
%! Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose from Cladophora sp. Algae
%K Algae; Cladophora; crystallinity: nanocrystalline cellulose; particle size.
%X 

Nanomaterial is one of the recent technological advancements that attracts the attention of many scientists. Many advanced properties could emerge from the utilization of materials on this scale. Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) is a cellulose-based nanomaterial currently gaining attention because of its remarkable properties. NCC was prepared by removing the amorphous part of cellulose through acid hydrolysis. Cladophora is a type of algae with a fiber-like body, that could grow rapidly and widely available in the Indonesian coastal area, which is considered a nuisance and has no known high economic value. Cladophora can be used as an alternative source of cellulose because it has a high amount of cellulose. Cellulose could be extracted from Cladophora using 17.5% of NaOH at 100°C, 1 M sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 100°C, and bleaching with 5% hydrogen peroxide at 100°C. Nanocrystalline cellulose could be extracted by sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 100°C, with a concentration of 2 M, 3 M, and 5 M. The duration of the process for each concentration, varied for 5, 10, and 15 hours. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Particle Size Analyzer (PSA), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to characterize the resulting hydrolyzed product. The result showed that the increase in acid concentration and processing duration increased the crystallinity while decreased particle length and cellulose diameter. The highest crystallinity and smallest particle size were 96.36% and 189.2 nm, obtained by acid hydrolysis in 5 M sulfuric acid for 15 hours.

%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=10278 %R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.11.3.10278 %J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology %V 11 %N 3 %@ 2088-5334

IEEE

S. Steven,Y. Mardiyati,Silvia Mar’atus Shoimah,Raden Reza Rizkiansyah,Sigit Puji Santosa and Rochim Suratman,"Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose from Cladophora sp. Algae," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1035-1041, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.3.10278.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Steven, S.
AU  - Mardiyati, Y.
AU  - Mar’atus Shoimah, Silvia
AU  - Rizkiansyah, Raden Reza
AU  - Puji Santosa, Sigit
AU  - Suratman, Rochim
PY  - 2021
TI  - Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose from Cladophora sp. Algae
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 11 (2021) No. 3
Y2  - 2021
SP  - 1035
EP  - 1041
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Algae; Cladophora; crystallinity: nanocrystalline cellulose; particle size.
N2  - 

Nanomaterial is one of the recent technological advancements that attracts the attention of many scientists. Many advanced properties could emerge from the utilization of materials on this scale. Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) is a cellulose-based nanomaterial currently gaining attention because of its remarkable properties. NCC was prepared by removing the amorphous part of cellulose through acid hydrolysis. Cladophora is a type of algae with a fiber-like body, that could grow rapidly and widely available in the Indonesian coastal area, which is considered a nuisance and has no known high economic value. Cladophora can be used as an alternative source of cellulose because it has a high amount of cellulose. Cellulose could be extracted from Cladophora using 17.5% of NaOH at 100°C, 1 M sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 100°C, and bleaching with 5% hydrogen peroxide at 100°C. Nanocrystalline cellulose could be extracted by sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 100°C, with a concentration of 2 M, 3 M, and 5 M. The duration of the process for each concentration, varied for 5, 10, and 15 hours. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Particle Size Analyzer (PSA), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to characterize the resulting hydrolyzed product. The result showed that the increase in acid concentration and processing duration increased the crystallinity while decreased particle length and cellulose diameter. The highest crystallinity and smallest particle size were 96.36% and 189.2 nm, obtained by acid hydrolysis in 5 M sulfuric acid for 15 hours.

UR - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=10278 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.3.10278

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 10278
A1 Steven, S.
A1 Mardiyati, Y.
A1 Mar’atus Shoimah, Silvia
A1 Rizkiansyah, Raden Reza
A1 Puji Santosa, Sigit
A1 Suratman, Rochim
T1 Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose from Cladophora sp. Algae
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 11
IS 3
YR 2021
SP 1035
OP 1041
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Algae; Cladophora; crystallinity: nanocrystalline cellulose; particle size.
AB 

Nanomaterial is one of the recent technological advancements that attracts the attention of many scientists. Many advanced properties could emerge from the utilization of materials on this scale. Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) is a cellulose-based nanomaterial currently gaining attention because of its remarkable properties. NCC was prepared by removing the amorphous part of cellulose through acid hydrolysis. Cladophora is a type of algae with a fiber-like body, that could grow rapidly and widely available in the Indonesian coastal area, which is considered a nuisance and has no known high economic value. Cladophora can be used as an alternative source of cellulose because it has a high amount of cellulose. Cellulose could be extracted from Cladophora using 17.5% of NaOH at 100°C, 1 M sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 100°C, and bleaching with 5% hydrogen peroxide at 100°C. Nanocrystalline cellulose could be extracted by sulfuric acid hydrolysis at 100°C, with a concentration of 2 M, 3 M, and 5 M. The duration of the process for each concentration, varied for 5, 10, and 15 hours. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Particle Size Analyzer (PSA), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to characterize the resulting hydrolyzed product. The result showed that the increase in acid concentration and processing duration increased the crystallinity while decreased particle length and cellulose diameter. The highest crystallinity and smallest particle size were 96.36% and 189.2 nm, obtained by acid hydrolysis in 5 M sulfuric acid for 15 hours.

LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=10278 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.3.10278