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High Species Diversity of the Family Dipterocarpaceae in Mursala Island, Indonesia

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@article{IJASEIT11349,
   author = {Iyan Robiansyah and Arief Hamidi and Agusti Randi},
   title = {High Species Diversity of the Family Dipterocarpaceae in Mursala Island, Indonesia},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {10},
   number = {6},
   year = {2020},
   pages = {2378--2385},
   keywords = {Dipterocarpaceae; Dipterocarpus cinereus; distance sampling; endemic tree; Hopea bancana; Mursala Island.},
   abstract = {Known to have a long history of timber extraction, Mursala Island on the west coast of North Sumatra Province is a small island home to the endemic tree Dipterocarpus cinereus and many other Dipterocarpaceae species. In the present study, distance sampling using line-transect was used to assess the species diversity and population status of Dipterocarpaceae species on the Island. A total of 26 Dipterocarpaceae species from 6 genera was identified from Mursala Island. The genus that was represented by the highest number of species was Shorea (13 species), followed by Vatica (5), Dipterocarpus (4), Hopea (2), Cotylelobium (1) and Dryobalanops (1). Among these, two Mursala Island endemic were identified: D. cinereus and H. bancana. Furthermore, according to IUCN Red List category, 11 species (42.3%) were classified as critically endangered, four species (15.4%) were of endangered, 5 species (15.2%) were of vulnerable, one species was of near threatened, 2 species were of least concern and 3 species were not assessed yet. Based on distance analysis, the species with the highest individual density was S. multiflora (21.72±10.96 individual/ha), whereas species with the lowest density was S. johorensis (0.06±0.01 individual/ha). Two main threats for Dipterocarpaceae species in Mursala Island were observed during the survey: illegal logging and habitat conversion. Increasing the protection level of the island was recommended to conserve all the species of Dipterocarpaceae. Besides, providing alternative sources of living for the illegal logger through commercialization of non-timber forest products, ecotourism, and the sustainable fishery was recommended so that they could stop illegal logging activity.},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11349},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.11349}
}

EndNote

%A Robiansyah, Iyan
%A Hamidi, Arief
%A Randi, Agusti
%D 2020
%T High Species Diversity of the Family Dipterocarpaceae in Mursala Island, Indonesia
%B 2020
%9 Dipterocarpaceae; Dipterocarpus cinereus; distance sampling; endemic tree; Hopea bancana; Mursala Island.
%! High Species Diversity of the Family Dipterocarpaceae in Mursala Island, Indonesia
%K Dipterocarpaceae; Dipterocarpus cinereus; distance sampling; endemic tree; Hopea bancana; Mursala Island.
%X Known to have a long history of timber extraction, Mursala Island on the west coast of North Sumatra Province is a small island home to the endemic tree Dipterocarpus cinereus and many other Dipterocarpaceae species. In the present study, distance sampling using line-transect was used to assess the species diversity and population status of Dipterocarpaceae species on the Island. A total of 26 Dipterocarpaceae species from 6 genera was identified from Mursala Island. The genus that was represented by the highest number of species was Shorea (13 species), followed by Vatica (5), Dipterocarpus (4), Hopea (2), Cotylelobium (1) and Dryobalanops (1). Among these, two Mursala Island endemic were identified: D. cinereus and H. bancana. Furthermore, according to IUCN Red List category, 11 species (42.3%) were classified as critically endangered, four species (15.4%) were of endangered, 5 species (15.2%) were of vulnerable, one species was of near threatened, 2 species were of least concern and 3 species were not assessed yet. Based on distance analysis, the species with the highest individual density was S. multiflora (21.72±10.96 individual/ha), whereas species with the lowest density was S. johorensis (0.06±0.01 individual/ha). Two main threats for Dipterocarpaceae species in Mursala Island were observed during the survey: illegal logging and habitat conversion. Increasing the protection level of the island was recommended to conserve all the species of Dipterocarpaceae. Besides, providing alternative sources of living for the illegal logger through commercialization of non-timber forest products, ecotourism, and the sustainable fishery was recommended so that they could stop illegal logging activity.
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11349
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.11349
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 10
%N 6
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Iyan Robiansyah,Arief Hamidi and Agusti Randi,"High Species Diversity of the Family Dipterocarpaceae in Mursala Island, Indonesia," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 2378-2385, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.11349.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Robiansyah, Iyan
AU  - Hamidi, Arief
AU  - Randi, Agusti
PY  - 2020
TI  - High Species Diversity of the Family Dipterocarpaceae in Mursala Island, Indonesia
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 10 (2020) No. 6
Y2  - 2020
SP  - 2378
EP  - 2385
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Dipterocarpaceae; Dipterocarpus cinereus; distance sampling; endemic tree; Hopea bancana; Mursala Island.
N2  - Known to have a long history of timber extraction, Mursala Island on the west coast of North Sumatra Province is a small island home to the endemic tree Dipterocarpus cinereus and many other Dipterocarpaceae species. In the present study, distance sampling using line-transect was used to assess the species diversity and population status of Dipterocarpaceae species on the Island. A total of 26 Dipterocarpaceae species from 6 genera was identified from Mursala Island. The genus that was represented by the highest number of species was Shorea (13 species), followed by Vatica (5), Dipterocarpus (4), Hopea (2), Cotylelobium (1) and Dryobalanops (1). Among these, two Mursala Island endemic were identified: D. cinereus and H. bancana. Furthermore, according to IUCN Red List category, 11 species (42.3%) were classified as critically endangered, four species (15.4%) were of endangered, 5 species (15.2%) were of vulnerable, one species was of near threatened, 2 species were of least concern and 3 species were not assessed yet. Based on distance analysis, the species with the highest individual density was S. multiflora (21.72±10.96 individual/ha), whereas species with the lowest density was S. johorensis (0.06±0.01 individual/ha). Two main threats for Dipterocarpaceae species in Mursala Island were observed during the survey: illegal logging and habitat conversion. Increasing the protection level of the island was recommended to conserve all the species of Dipterocarpaceae. Besides, providing alternative sources of living for the illegal logger through commercialization of non-timber forest products, ecotourism, and the sustainable fishery was recommended so that they could stop illegal logging activity.
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11349
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.11349

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 11349
A1 Robiansyah, Iyan
A1 Hamidi, Arief
A1 Randi, Agusti
T1 High Species Diversity of the Family Dipterocarpaceae in Mursala Island, Indonesia
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 10
IS 6
YR 2020
SP 2378
OP 2385
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Dipterocarpaceae; Dipterocarpus cinereus; distance sampling; endemic tree; Hopea bancana; Mursala Island.
AB Known to have a long history of timber extraction, Mursala Island on the west coast of North Sumatra Province is a small island home to the endemic tree Dipterocarpus cinereus and many other Dipterocarpaceae species. In the present study, distance sampling using line-transect was used to assess the species diversity and population status of Dipterocarpaceae species on the Island. A total of 26 Dipterocarpaceae species from 6 genera was identified from Mursala Island. The genus that was represented by the highest number of species was Shorea (13 species), followed by Vatica (5), Dipterocarpus (4), Hopea (2), Cotylelobium (1) and Dryobalanops (1). Among these, two Mursala Island endemic were identified: D. cinereus and H. bancana. Furthermore, according to IUCN Red List category, 11 species (42.3%) were classified as critically endangered, four species (15.4%) were of endangered, 5 species (15.2%) were of vulnerable, one species was of near threatened, 2 species were of least concern and 3 species were not assessed yet. Based on distance analysis, the species with the highest individual density was S. multiflora (21.72±10.96 individual/ha), whereas species with the lowest density was S. johorensis (0.06±0.01 individual/ha). Two main threats for Dipterocarpaceae species in Mursala Island were observed during the survey: illegal logging and habitat conversion. Increasing the protection level of the island was recommended to conserve all the species of Dipterocarpaceae. Besides, providing alternative sources of living for the illegal logger through commercialization of non-timber forest products, ecotourism, and the sustainable fishery was recommended so that they could stop illegal logging activity.
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11349
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.11349