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The Effect of Supplementation of Cassava Leaves, Palm Oil Sludge and Yeast in Kumpai Grass-Based Rations on Ruminal Fermentation and Gas Methane Concentration In-Vitro

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@article{IJASEIT11999,
   author = {- Riswandi and Arfan Abrar and Agus Wijaya and Basuni Hamzah},
   title = {The Effect of Supplementation of Cassava Leaves, Palm Oil Sludge and Yeast in Kumpai Grass-Based Rations on Ruminal Fermentation and Gas Methane Concentration In-Vitro},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {11},
   number = {5},
   year = {2021},
   pages = {1921--1927},
   keywords = {Ruminal fermentation; methane gas; feed supplements; kumpai grass; volatile fatty acids.},
   abstract = {Swamp forage (kumpai grass), waste products from plantations, and agricultural industries are alternative feed for ruminants. To increase the value of its availability, yeast supplementation is needed. This study aimed to determine the effect of kumpai grass-based ration supplemented with cassava leaves, palm oil sludge, yeast on digestibility, rumen fermentation characteristics, and methane gas production. This study was determined using a Completely Randomized Design consisting of four treatments. The treatment is described as follows 70% grass + 30% Concentrate (P0, Con), 55% grass + 30% cassava leaves + 15% Concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P1), 55% grass + 30% palm oil sludge + 15% concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P2), and 55% kumpai grass + 15% cassava leaves + 15% palm oil sludge + 15% concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P3). Each treatment was incubated In-Vitro with a buffer solution (pH 6.9) and rumen of four replications (each repetition represented by three incubation bottles) for 48 hours at 39 ºC. The data obtained were analyzed for variance; if there were a treatment effect, the Duncan test can be further tested. The results showed that supplementation affected the increase (P <0.05) of dry matter digestibility, organic matter, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, total volatile fatty acids (total VFA), partial VFA, and total bacteria. Whereas, N-ammonia (N-NH3), the ratio of acetate-propionate and methane gas has decreased. It was concluded that supplementation of 15% cassava leaves, 15 % palm oil sludge, and 0.05% yeast in kumpai grass-based rations gave the best increase in the ration digestibility, total rumen bacterial count, rumen fermentation characteristics, and reduced methane concentration.},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11999},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.11.5.11999}
}

EndNote

%A Riswandi, -
%A Abrar, Arfan
%A Wijaya, Agus
%A Hamzah, Basuni
%D 2021
%T The Effect of Supplementation of Cassava Leaves, Palm Oil Sludge and Yeast in Kumpai Grass-Based Rations on Ruminal Fermentation and Gas Methane Concentration In-Vitro
%B 2021
%9 Ruminal fermentation; methane gas; feed supplements; kumpai grass; volatile fatty acids.
%! The Effect of Supplementation of Cassava Leaves, Palm Oil Sludge and Yeast in Kumpai Grass-Based Rations on Ruminal Fermentation and Gas Methane Concentration In-Vitro
%K Ruminal fermentation; methane gas; feed supplements; kumpai grass; volatile fatty acids.
%X Swamp forage (kumpai grass), waste products from plantations, and agricultural industries are alternative feed for ruminants. To increase the value of its availability, yeast supplementation is needed. This study aimed to determine the effect of kumpai grass-based ration supplemented with cassava leaves, palm oil sludge, yeast on digestibility, rumen fermentation characteristics, and methane gas production. This study was determined using a Completely Randomized Design consisting of four treatments. The treatment is described as follows 70% grass + 30% Concentrate (P0, Con), 55% grass + 30% cassava leaves + 15% Concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P1), 55% grass + 30% palm oil sludge + 15% concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P2), and 55% kumpai grass + 15% cassava leaves + 15% palm oil sludge + 15% concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P3). Each treatment was incubated In-Vitro with a buffer solution (pH 6.9) and rumen of four replications (each repetition represented by three incubation bottles) for 48 hours at 39 ºC. The data obtained were analyzed for variance; if there were a treatment effect, the Duncan test can be further tested. The results showed that supplementation affected the increase (P <0.05) of dry matter digestibility, organic matter, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, total volatile fatty acids (total VFA), partial VFA, and total bacteria. Whereas, N-ammonia (N-NH3), the ratio of acetate-propionate and methane gas has decreased. It was concluded that supplementation of 15% cassava leaves, 15 % palm oil sludge, and 0.05% yeast in kumpai grass-based rations gave the best increase in the ration digestibility, total rumen bacterial count, rumen fermentation characteristics, and reduced methane concentration.
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11999
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.11.5.11999
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 11
%N 5
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

- Riswandi,Arfan Abrar,Agus Wijaya and Basuni Hamzah,"The Effect of Supplementation of Cassava Leaves, Palm Oil Sludge and Yeast in Kumpai Grass-Based Rations on Ruminal Fermentation and Gas Methane Concentration In-Vitro," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1921-1927, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.5.11999.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Riswandi, -
AU  - Abrar, Arfan
AU  - Wijaya, Agus
AU  - Hamzah, Basuni
PY  - 2021
TI  - The Effect of Supplementation of Cassava Leaves, Palm Oil Sludge and Yeast in Kumpai Grass-Based Rations on Ruminal Fermentation and Gas Methane Concentration In-Vitro
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 11 (2021) No. 5
Y2  - 2021
SP  - 1921
EP  - 1927
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Ruminal fermentation; methane gas; feed supplements; kumpai grass; volatile fatty acids.
N2  - Swamp forage (kumpai grass), waste products from plantations, and agricultural industries are alternative feed for ruminants. To increase the value of its availability, yeast supplementation is needed. This study aimed to determine the effect of kumpai grass-based ration supplemented with cassava leaves, palm oil sludge, yeast on digestibility, rumen fermentation characteristics, and methane gas production. This study was determined using a Completely Randomized Design consisting of four treatments. The treatment is described as follows 70% grass + 30% Concentrate (P0, Con), 55% grass + 30% cassava leaves + 15% Concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P1), 55% grass + 30% palm oil sludge + 15% concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P2), and 55% kumpai grass + 15% cassava leaves + 15% palm oil sludge + 15% concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P3). Each treatment was incubated In-Vitro with a buffer solution (pH 6.9) and rumen of four replications (each repetition represented by three incubation bottles) for 48 hours at 39 ºC. The data obtained were analyzed for variance; if there were a treatment effect, the Duncan test can be further tested. The results showed that supplementation affected the increase (P <0.05) of dry matter digestibility, organic matter, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, total volatile fatty acids (total VFA), partial VFA, and total bacteria. Whereas, N-ammonia (N-NH3), the ratio of acetate-propionate and methane gas has decreased. It was concluded that supplementation of 15% cassava leaves, 15 % palm oil sludge, and 0.05% yeast in kumpai grass-based rations gave the best increase in the ration digestibility, total rumen bacterial count, rumen fermentation characteristics, and reduced methane concentration.
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11999
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.5.11999

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 11999
A1 Riswandi, -
A1 Abrar, Arfan
A1 Wijaya, Agus
A1 Hamzah, Basuni
T1 The Effect of Supplementation of Cassava Leaves, Palm Oil Sludge and Yeast in Kumpai Grass-Based Rations on Ruminal Fermentation and Gas Methane Concentration In-Vitro
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 11
IS 5
YR 2021
SP 1921
OP 1927
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Ruminal fermentation; methane gas; feed supplements; kumpai grass; volatile fatty acids.
AB Swamp forage (kumpai grass), waste products from plantations, and agricultural industries are alternative feed for ruminants. To increase the value of its availability, yeast supplementation is needed. This study aimed to determine the effect of kumpai grass-based ration supplemented with cassava leaves, palm oil sludge, yeast on digestibility, rumen fermentation characteristics, and methane gas production. This study was determined using a Completely Randomized Design consisting of four treatments. The treatment is described as follows 70% grass + 30% Concentrate (P0, Con), 55% grass + 30% cassava leaves + 15% Concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P1), 55% grass + 30% palm oil sludge + 15% concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P2), and 55% kumpai grass + 15% cassava leaves + 15% palm oil sludge + 15% concentrate + 0.05% yeast (P3). Each treatment was incubated In-Vitro with a buffer solution (pH 6.9) and rumen of four replications (each repetition represented by three incubation bottles) for 48 hours at 39 ºC. The data obtained were analyzed for variance; if there were a treatment effect, the Duncan test can be further tested. The results showed that supplementation affected the increase (P <0.05) of dry matter digestibility, organic matter, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber, total volatile fatty acids (total VFA), partial VFA, and total bacteria. Whereas, N-ammonia (N-NH3), the ratio of acetate-propionate and methane gas has decreased. It was concluded that supplementation of 15% cassava leaves, 15 % palm oil sludge, and 0.05% yeast in kumpai grass-based rations gave the best increase in the ration digestibility, total rumen bacterial count, rumen fermentation characteristics, and reduced methane concentration.
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=11999
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.5.11999