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Titanium Dioxide in Commercial Sunscreens: the Morphological Characterization and the Quantification

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@article{IJASEIT12602,
   author = {Indah Primadona and Fitri Dara and Agustina Ircha Winda Pratiwi and - Indriyati and Fahmi Idzni and - Dedi and Muhamad Nasir},
   title = {Titanium Dioxide in Commercial Sunscreens: the Morphological Characterization and the Quantification},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {11},
   number = {4},
   year = {2021},
   pages = {1481--1486},
   keywords = {Nanoparticle; nanotechnology; sunscreen; titanium dioxide; UV-blocking materials.},
   abstract = {

Due to nanotechnology's advancement, the application of nanomaterials in commercial products, including in sunscreens, has been increased rapidly. Physical sunscreens employ Titanium dioxide (TiO2) or Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as UV filter materials. Indonesian National Agency of Drug and Food Control regulates that TiO2 rutile polymorph, size distribution ≥30 nm, and maximum concentration of 25% are criteria for physical sunscreen marketed in Indonesia. However, most of these products do not indicate the detailed inorganic material information in the product ingredients, resulting in the increasing concern of nanoparticle’s risk to human health and the environment. Therefore, the size, type of crystal structure, and amount of TiO2 or ZnO must be closely monitored. In this work, we investigated the morphological structure of TiO2, including quantified its concentration in some commercial sunscreens marketed in Indonesia. TiO2 was characterized using different characterization techniques. XRD analysis revealed that some studied sunscreens employed anatase TiO2, which is not suggested to be added in a sunscreen product.  HRTEM analysis proved that the sizes of materials in sample S1-S3 are below 50 nm, and silica-coated TiO2 was observed in S4. Quantification of Titanium using GF-AAS yielded Ti's concentration in the range of 1400-7800 µg g-1 (0.14-0.79%). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the physical properties and the concentration of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) in commercial sunscreen marketed in Indonesia.

},    issn = {2088-5334},    publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},    url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=12602},    doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.12602} }

EndNote

%A Primadona, Indah
%A Dara, Fitri
%A Pratiwi, Agustina Ircha Winda
%A Indriyati, -
%A Idzni, Fahmi
%A Dedi, -
%A Nasir, Muhamad
%D 2021
%T Titanium Dioxide in Commercial Sunscreens: the Morphological Characterization and the Quantification
%B 2021
%9 Nanoparticle; nanotechnology; sunscreen; titanium dioxide; UV-blocking materials.
%! Titanium Dioxide in Commercial Sunscreens: the Morphological Characterization and the Quantification
%K Nanoparticle; nanotechnology; sunscreen; titanium dioxide; UV-blocking materials.
%X 

Due to nanotechnology's advancement, the application of nanomaterials in commercial products, including in sunscreens, has been increased rapidly. Physical sunscreens employ Titanium dioxide (TiO2) or Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as UV filter materials. Indonesian National Agency of Drug and Food Control regulates that TiO2 rutile polymorph, size distribution ≥30 nm, and maximum concentration of 25% are criteria for physical sunscreen marketed in Indonesia. However, most of these products do not indicate the detailed inorganic material information in the product ingredients, resulting in the increasing concern of nanoparticle’s risk to human health and the environment. Therefore, the size, type of crystal structure, and amount of TiO2 or ZnO must be closely monitored. In this work, we investigated the morphological structure of TiO2, including quantified its concentration in some commercial sunscreens marketed in Indonesia. TiO2 was characterized using different characterization techniques. XRD analysis revealed that some studied sunscreens employed anatase TiO2, which is not suggested to be added in a sunscreen product.  HRTEM analysis proved that the sizes of materials in sample S1-S3 are below 50 nm, and silica-coated TiO2 was observed in S4. Quantification of Titanium using GF-AAS yielded Ti's concentration in the range of 1400-7800 µg g-1 (0.14-0.79%). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the physical properties and the concentration of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) in commercial sunscreen marketed in Indonesia.

%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=12602 %R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.12602 %J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology %V 11 %N 4 %@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Indah Primadona,Fitri Dara,Agustina Ircha Winda Pratiwi,- Indriyati,Fahmi Idzni,- Dedi and Muhamad Nasir,"Titanium Dioxide in Commercial Sunscreens: the Morphological Characterization and the Quantification," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1481-1486, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.12602.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Primadona, Indah
AU  - Dara, Fitri
AU  - Pratiwi, Agustina Ircha Winda
AU  - Indriyati, -
AU  - Idzni, Fahmi
AU  - Dedi, -
AU  - Nasir, Muhamad
PY  - 2021
TI  - Titanium Dioxide in Commercial Sunscreens: the Morphological Characterization and the Quantification
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 11 (2021) No. 4
Y2  - 2021
SP  - 1481
EP  - 1486
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Nanoparticle; nanotechnology; sunscreen; titanium dioxide; UV-blocking materials.
N2  - 

Due to nanotechnology's advancement, the application of nanomaterials in commercial products, including in sunscreens, has been increased rapidly. Physical sunscreens employ Titanium dioxide (TiO2) or Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as UV filter materials. Indonesian National Agency of Drug and Food Control regulates that TiO2 rutile polymorph, size distribution ≥30 nm, and maximum concentration of 25% are criteria for physical sunscreen marketed in Indonesia. However, most of these products do not indicate the detailed inorganic material information in the product ingredients, resulting in the increasing concern of nanoparticle’s risk to human health and the environment. Therefore, the size, type of crystal structure, and amount of TiO2 or ZnO must be closely monitored. In this work, we investigated the morphological structure of TiO2, including quantified its concentration in some commercial sunscreens marketed in Indonesia. TiO2 was characterized using different characterization techniques. XRD analysis revealed that some studied sunscreens employed anatase TiO2, which is not suggested to be added in a sunscreen product.  HRTEM analysis proved that the sizes of materials in sample S1-S3 are below 50 nm, and silica-coated TiO2 was observed in S4. Quantification of Titanium using GF-AAS yielded Ti's concentration in the range of 1400-7800 µg g-1 (0.14-0.79%). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the physical properties and the concentration of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) in commercial sunscreen marketed in Indonesia.

UR - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=12602 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.12602

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 12602
A1 Primadona, Indah
A1 Dara, Fitri
A1 Pratiwi, Agustina Ircha Winda
A1 Indriyati, -
A1 Idzni, Fahmi
A1 Dedi, -
A1 Nasir, Muhamad
T1 Titanium Dioxide in Commercial Sunscreens: the Morphological Characterization and the Quantification
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 11
IS 4
YR 2021
SP 1481
OP 1486
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Nanoparticle; nanotechnology; sunscreen; titanium dioxide; UV-blocking materials.
AB 

Due to nanotechnology's advancement, the application of nanomaterials in commercial products, including in sunscreens, has been increased rapidly. Physical sunscreens employ Titanium dioxide (TiO2) or Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as UV filter materials. Indonesian National Agency of Drug and Food Control regulates that TiO2 rutile polymorph, size distribution ≥30 nm, and maximum concentration of 25% are criteria for physical sunscreen marketed in Indonesia. However, most of these products do not indicate the detailed inorganic material information in the product ingredients, resulting in the increasing concern of nanoparticle’s risk to human health and the environment. Therefore, the size, type of crystal structure, and amount of TiO2 or ZnO must be closely monitored. In this work, we investigated the morphological structure of TiO2, including quantified its concentration in some commercial sunscreens marketed in Indonesia. TiO2 was characterized using different characterization techniques. XRD analysis revealed that some studied sunscreens employed anatase TiO2, which is not suggested to be added in a sunscreen product.  HRTEM analysis proved that the sizes of materials in sample S1-S3 are below 50 nm, and silica-coated TiO2 was observed in S4. Quantification of Titanium using GF-AAS yielded Ti's concentration in the range of 1400-7800 µg g-1 (0.14-0.79%). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the physical properties and the concentration of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) in commercial sunscreen marketed in Indonesia.

LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=12602 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.12602