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Landslide and Environmental Risk from Oil Spill due to the Rupture of SOTE and OCP Pipelines, San Rafael Falls, Amazon Basin, Ecuador

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@article{IJASEIT13727,
   author = {Paulina Poma and Marco Usca and Maria Fdz-Polanco and Alondra Garcia-Villacres and Theofilos Toulkeridis},
   title = {Landslide and Environmental Risk from Oil Spill due to the Rupture of SOTE and OCP Pipelines, San Rafael Falls, Amazon Basin, Ecuador},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {11},
   number = {4},
   year = {2021},
   pages = {1558--1566},
   keywords = {Oil spill; environmental hazard; GIS; landslide; heavy metals.},
   abstract = {A landslide generated an environmental risk due to a provoked oil spill on April 7, 2020, with the SOTE and OCP pipelines rupture. This research aims to determine the areas susceptible to landslides in the river basin Quijos of the Coca River and estimate the environmental risk from exposure to the oil spill. A water analysis of the Coca River was performed by using the Mora-Vahrson method and GIS tools. The subsequent water sampling was probabilistic in a simple random way, and the analyzed parameters were oils and grease, Ba, Cd, Cr, BOD, COD, TPH, OD, Pb, and SST. The results show that 61.17% (572.68 km2) of the total studied area (936.19 km2) is susceptible to landslide hazards. In detail, 0.25% (2.34 km2) of the area is considered to be of very high susceptibility, 26.72% (250.12 km2) of high susceptibility, 11.82% (110.66 km2) of moderate susceptibility, and 0.04 (0.37 km2) of low susceptibility. Four of them were within the permissible limits from the ten analyzed parameters, which correspond to Ba with 0.70 mg/L, OD with 7.4% of saturation, BOD5 with 2 mg/L, and COD with 25 mg/L. The other six parameters, including oils and fats, exhibited a significant increase in concentrations after the oil spill, yielding Cd 0.05 mg/L, total Cr 0.45 mg/L, TPH 0.20 mg/L, Pb 0.20 mg/L, and SST 20%. These results are outside the permissible limits, meaning that the river waters are contaminated.},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=13727},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.13727}
}

EndNote

%A Poma, Paulina
%A Usca, Marco
%A Fdz-Polanco, Maria
%A Garcia-Villacres, Alondra
%A Toulkeridis, Theofilos
%D 2021
%T Landslide and Environmental Risk from Oil Spill due to the Rupture of SOTE and OCP Pipelines, San Rafael Falls, Amazon Basin, Ecuador
%B 2021
%9 Oil spill; environmental hazard; GIS; landslide; heavy metals.
%! Landslide and Environmental Risk from Oil Spill due to the Rupture of SOTE and OCP Pipelines, San Rafael Falls, Amazon Basin, Ecuador
%K Oil spill; environmental hazard; GIS; landslide; heavy metals.
%X A landslide generated an environmental risk due to a provoked oil spill on April 7, 2020, with the SOTE and OCP pipelines rupture. This research aims to determine the areas susceptible to landslides in the river basin Quijos of the Coca River and estimate the environmental risk from exposure to the oil spill. A water analysis of the Coca River was performed by using the Mora-Vahrson method and GIS tools. The subsequent water sampling was probabilistic in a simple random way, and the analyzed parameters were oils and grease, Ba, Cd, Cr, BOD, COD, TPH, OD, Pb, and SST. The results show that 61.17% (572.68 km2) of the total studied area (936.19 km2) is susceptible to landslide hazards. In detail, 0.25% (2.34 km2) of the area is considered to be of very high susceptibility, 26.72% (250.12 km2) of high susceptibility, 11.82% (110.66 km2) of moderate susceptibility, and 0.04 (0.37 km2) of low susceptibility. Four of them were within the permissible limits from the ten analyzed parameters, which correspond to Ba with 0.70 mg/L, OD with 7.4% of saturation, BOD5 with 2 mg/L, and COD with 25 mg/L. The other six parameters, including oils and fats, exhibited a significant increase in concentrations after the oil spill, yielding Cd 0.05 mg/L, total Cr 0.45 mg/L, TPH 0.20 mg/L, Pb 0.20 mg/L, and SST 20%. These results are outside the permissible limits, meaning that the river waters are contaminated.
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=13727
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.13727
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 11
%N 4
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Paulina Poma,Marco Usca,Maria Fdz-Polanco,Alondra Garcia-Villacres and Theofilos Toulkeridis,"Landslide and Environmental Risk from Oil Spill due to the Rupture of SOTE and OCP Pipelines, San Rafael Falls, Amazon Basin, Ecuador," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1558-1566, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.13727.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Poma, Paulina
AU  - Usca, Marco
AU  - Fdz-Polanco, Maria
AU  - Garcia-Villacres, Alondra
AU  - Toulkeridis, Theofilos
PY  - 2021
TI  - Landslide and Environmental Risk from Oil Spill due to the Rupture of SOTE and OCP Pipelines, San Rafael Falls, Amazon Basin, Ecuador
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 11 (2021) No. 4
Y2  - 2021
SP  - 1558
EP  - 1566
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Oil spill; environmental hazard; GIS; landslide; heavy metals.
N2  - A landslide generated an environmental risk due to a provoked oil spill on April 7, 2020, with the SOTE and OCP pipelines rupture. This research aims to determine the areas susceptible to landslides in the river basin Quijos of the Coca River and estimate the environmental risk from exposure to the oil spill. A water analysis of the Coca River was performed by using the Mora-Vahrson method and GIS tools. The subsequent water sampling was probabilistic in a simple random way, and the analyzed parameters were oils and grease, Ba, Cd, Cr, BOD, COD, TPH, OD, Pb, and SST. The results show that 61.17% (572.68 km2) of the total studied area (936.19 km2) is susceptible to landslide hazards. In detail, 0.25% (2.34 km2) of the area is considered to be of very high susceptibility, 26.72% (250.12 km2) of high susceptibility, 11.82% (110.66 km2) of moderate susceptibility, and 0.04 (0.37 km2) of low susceptibility. Four of them were within the permissible limits from the ten analyzed parameters, which correspond to Ba with 0.70 mg/L, OD with 7.4% of saturation, BOD5 with 2 mg/L, and COD with 25 mg/L. The other six parameters, including oils and fats, exhibited a significant increase in concentrations after the oil spill, yielding Cd 0.05 mg/L, total Cr 0.45 mg/L, TPH 0.20 mg/L, Pb 0.20 mg/L, and SST 20%. These results are outside the permissible limits, meaning that the river waters are contaminated.
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=13727
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.13727

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 13727
A1 Poma, Paulina
A1 Usca, Marco
A1 Fdz-Polanco, Maria
A1 Garcia-Villacres, Alondra
A1 Toulkeridis, Theofilos
T1 Landslide and Environmental Risk from Oil Spill due to the Rupture of SOTE and OCP Pipelines, San Rafael Falls, Amazon Basin, Ecuador
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 11
IS 4
YR 2021
SP 1558
OP 1566
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Oil spill; environmental hazard; GIS; landslide; heavy metals.
AB A landslide generated an environmental risk due to a provoked oil spill on April 7, 2020, with the SOTE and OCP pipelines rupture. This research aims to determine the areas susceptible to landslides in the river basin Quijos of the Coca River and estimate the environmental risk from exposure to the oil spill. A water analysis of the Coca River was performed by using the Mora-Vahrson method and GIS tools. The subsequent water sampling was probabilistic in a simple random way, and the analyzed parameters were oils and grease, Ba, Cd, Cr, BOD, COD, TPH, OD, Pb, and SST. The results show that 61.17% (572.68 km2) of the total studied area (936.19 km2) is susceptible to landslide hazards. In detail, 0.25% (2.34 km2) of the area is considered to be of very high susceptibility, 26.72% (250.12 km2) of high susceptibility, 11.82% (110.66 km2) of moderate susceptibility, and 0.04 (0.37 km2) of low susceptibility. Four of them were within the permissible limits from the ten analyzed parameters, which correspond to Ba with 0.70 mg/L, OD with 7.4% of saturation, BOD5 with 2 mg/L, and COD with 25 mg/L. The other six parameters, including oils and fats, exhibited a significant increase in concentrations after the oil spill, yielding Cd 0.05 mg/L, total Cr 0.45 mg/L, TPH 0.20 mg/L, Pb 0.20 mg/L, and SST 20%. These results are outside the permissible limits, meaning that the river waters are contaminated.
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=13727
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.13727