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Environmental Impact of the Intensive System of Vannamei Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming on the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia

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@article{IJASEIT14181,
   author = {Agus Roma Purnomo and Mufti Petala Patria and Noverita Dian Takarina and Mahawan Karuniasa},
   title = {Environmental Impact of the Intensive System of Vannamei Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming on the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {12},
   number = {3},
   year = {2022},
   pages = {873--880},
   keywords = {Shrimp farming; water quality; environmental impact; Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria biosphere reserve.},
   abstract = {The Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria area, with a landmass of 1,236,083.97 ha, was recently designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO on October 28, 2020. However, this area is currently facing challenges in the form of increasing intensive shrimp pond development. The wastewater from shrimp pond aquaculture can adversely impact the waters of the Biosphere Reserve Core Zone. This research aimed to investigate the environmental impacts of pond activities on the Karimunjawa Biosphere Reserve. Sampling was done in July-December 2020. Samples were 54 respondents from society and 11 farmers. Questionnaires were distributed to the respondents to gain information about the environmental impact of the intensive pond, while water quality parameters (DO, salinity, temperature, nitrate, and phosphate) were measured from 3 stations; each station consists of 12 sampling points. Questionnaires were analyzed using a Linkert scale and SPSS. The results showed that based on water quality measurement, most of the parameters showed values that were below the threshold, except the nitrates and phosphate. The harmful impact of shrimp pond activities in the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve on the ecology was 34.81% in the form of pressure on marine biota and agriculture, while on social it was 34.22% in the form of social conflict in the community. Ponds also have not significantly improved the surrounding community's economy; the effect is only 9.36%. Therefore, the strategies needed to deal with environmental impacts are creating the effective Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP), increasing the human resources of farmers, and monitoring or supervising the sustainable pond management application.},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=14181},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.12.3.14181}
}

EndNote

%A Purnomo, Agus Roma
%A Patria, Mufti Petala
%A Takarina, Noverita Dian
%A Karuniasa, Mahawan
%D 2022
%T Environmental Impact of the Intensive System of Vannamei Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming on the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia
%B 2022
%9 Shrimp farming; water quality; environmental impact; Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria biosphere reserve.
%! Environmental Impact of the Intensive System of Vannamei Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming on the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia
%K Shrimp farming; water quality; environmental impact; Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria biosphere reserve.
%X The Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria area, with a landmass of 1,236,083.97 ha, was recently designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO on October 28, 2020. However, this area is currently facing challenges in the form of increasing intensive shrimp pond development. The wastewater from shrimp pond aquaculture can adversely impact the waters of the Biosphere Reserve Core Zone. This research aimed to investigate the environmental impacts of pond activities on the Karimunjawa Biosphere Reserve. Sampling was done in July-December 2020. Samples were 54 respondents from society and 11 farmers. Questionnaires were distributed to the respondents to gain information about the environmental impact of the intensive pond, while water quality parameters (DO, salinity, temperature, nitrate, and phosphate) were measured from 3 stations; each station consists of 12 sampling points. Questionnaires were analyzed using a Linkert scale and SPSS. The results showed that based on water quality measurement, most of the parameters showed values that were below the threshold, except the nitrates and phosphate. The harmful impact of shrimp pond activities in the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve on the ecology was 34.81% in the form of pressure on marine biota and agriculture, while on social it was 34.22% in the form of social conflict in the community. Ponds also have not significantly improved the surrounding community's economy; the effect is only 9.36%. Therefore, the strategies needed to deal with environmental impacts are creating the effective Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP), increasing the human resources of farmers, and monitoring or supervising the sustainable pond management application.
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=14181
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.12.3.14181
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 12
%N 3
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Agus Roma Purnomo,Mufti Petala Patria,Noverita Dian Takarina and Mahawan Karuniasa,"Environmental Impact of the Intensive System of Vannamei Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming on the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 873-880, 2022. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.12.3.14181.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Purnomo, Agus Roma
AU  - Patria, Mufti Petala
AU  - Takarina, Noverita Dian
AU  - Karuniasa, Mahawan
PY  - 2022
TI  - Environmental Impact of the Intensive System of Vannamei Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming on the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 12 (2022) No. 3
Y2  - 2022
SP  - 873
EP  - 880
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Shrimp farming; water quality; environmental impact; Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria biosphere reserve.
N2  - The Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria area, with a landmass of 1,236,083.97 ha, was recently designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO on October 28, 2020. However, this area is currently facing challenges in the form of increasing intensive shrimp pond development. The wastewater from shrimp pond aquaculture can adversely impact the waters of the Biosphere Reserve Core Zone. This research aimed to investigate the environmental impacts of pond activities on the Karimunjawa Biosphere Reserve. Sampling was done in July-December 2020. Samples were 54 respondents from society and 11 farmers. Questionnaires were distributed to the respondents to gain information about the environmental impact of the intensive pond, while water quality parameters (DO, salinity, temperature, nitrate, and phosphate) were measured from 3 stations; each station consists of 12 sampling points. Questionnaires were analyzed using a Linkert scale and SPSS. The results showed that based on water quality measurement, most of the parameters showed values that were below the threshold, except the nitrates and phosphate. The harmful impact of shrimp pond activities in the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve on the ecology was 34.81% in the form of pressure on marine biota and agriculture, while on social it was 34.22% in the form of social conflict in the community. Ponds also have not significantly improved the surrounding community's economy; the effect is only 9.36%. Therefore, the strategies needed to deal with environmental impacts are creating the effective Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP), increasing the human resources of farmers, and monitoring or supervising the sustainable pond management application.
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=14181
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.12.3.14181

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 14181
A1 Purnomo, Agus Roma
A1 Patria, Mufti Petala
A1 Takarina, Noverita Dian
A1 Karuniasa, Mahawan
T1 Environmental Impact of the Intensive System of Vannamei Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) Farming on the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve, Indonesia
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 12
IS 3
YR 2022
SP 873
OP 880
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Shrimp farming; water quality; environmental impact; Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria biosphere reserve.
AB The Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria area, with a landmass of 1,236,083.97 ha, was recently designated as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO on October 28, 2020. However, this area is currently facing challenges in the form of increasing intensive shrimp pond development. The wastewater from shrimp pond aquaculture can adversely impact the waters of the Biosphere Reserve Core Zone. This research aimed to investigate the environmental impacts of pond activities on the Karimunjawa Biosphere Reserve. Sampling was done in July-December 2020. Samples were 54 respondents from society and 11 farmers. Questionnaires were distributed to the respondents to gain information about the environmental impact of the intensive pond, while water quality parameters (DO, salinity, temperature, nitrate, and phosphate) were measured from 3 stations; each station consists of 12 sampling points. Questionnaires were analyzed using a Linkert scale and SPSS. The results showed that based on water quality measurement, most of the parameters showed values that were below the threshold, except the nitrates and phosphate. The harmful impact of shrimp pond activities in the Karimunjawa-Jepara-Muria Biosphere Reserve on the ecology was 34.81% in the form of pressure on marine biota and agriculture, while on social it was 34.22% in the form of social conflict in the community. Ponds also have not significantly improved the surrounding community's economy; the effect is only 9.36%. Therefore, the strategies needed to deal with environmental impacts are creating the effective Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP), increasing the human resources of farmers, and monitoring or supervising the sustainable pond management application.
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=14181
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.12.3.14181