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Full Factorial Design Analysis and Characterization of Polyethylene, Starch and Aloe Vera Gel Thin Film Formulation

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@article{IJASEIT15343,
   author = {Siti Fatma Abd Karim and Junaidah Jai and Ku Halim Ku Hamid and Mohd Hariz Mior Muzamin and Nadia Kamarrudin and Rabiatul Adawiyah Abdol Aziz},
   title = {Full Factorial Design Analysis and Characterization of Polyethylene, Starch and Aloe Vera Gel Thin Film Formulation},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {11},
   number = {6},
   year = {2021},
   pages = {2139--2147},
   keywords = {Full factorial design; design expert; thin film; polyethylene-starch film; Aloe vera gel.},
   abstract = {The polyethylene-thermoplastic (PE/TPS) based film was introduced many years ago, but the compatibility of PE/TPS still an issue because synthetic compatibilizer has a safety drawback. In this work, aloe vera (AV) was introduced as a compatibilizer to enhance stress and characteristics of PE/TPS film. This paper determines the optimum PE/TPS/AV film formulation using full factorial design (FFD) analysis. Melt blending and hot-press techniques were used to prepare the film. Four selected PE/TPS/AV samples were chosen to discuss mechanical properties, functional groups, thermal degradation, and thermal properties changes. Based on FFD, PE was the most significant material that caused substantial changes in the film's mechanical properties. Concurrently, the interaction between PE/TPS and TPS/AV significantly influenced the value of the secant modulus. The addition of AV into TPS improved the stress and reduced the strain. New peaks are present in TPS/AV that share the same functional group with PE. Thus, improving the stress of the film. The presence of AV caused peaks 2916 cm-1 and 2849 cm-1 of TPS to strengthen at once; the thermal degradation increases tremendously from 282 °C to 354.70 °C. The melting temperature showed a reduction when TPS/AV was added into PE, but the crystallization temperature did not significantly change. However, significant changes occurred for crystallization enthalpy when TPS/AV was incorporated in PE at once, affecting the degree of crystallinity. In conclusion, AV was suggested to act as a compatibilizer/crosslinker or plasticizer to improve PE film packaging properties.},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=15343},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.11.6.15343}
}

EndNote

%A Abd Karim, Siti Fatma
%A Jai, Junaidah
%A Ku Hamid, Ku Halim
%A Mior Muzamin, Mohd Hariz
%A Kamarrudin, Nadia
%A Abdol Aziz, Rabiatul Adawiyah
%D 2021
%T Full Factorial Design Analysis and Characterization of Polyethylene, Starch and Aloe Vera Gel Thin Film Formulation
%B 2021
%9 Full factorial design; design expert; thin film; polyethylene-starch film; Aloe vera gel.
%! Full Factorial Design Analysis and Characterization of Polyethylene, Starch and Aloe Vera Gel Thin Film Formulation
%K Full factorial design; design expert; thin film; polyethylene-starch film; Aloe vera gel.
%X The polyethylene-thermoplastic (PE/TPS) based film was introduced many years ago, but the compatibility of PE/TPS still an issue because synthetic compatibilizer has a safety drawback. In this work, aloe vera (AV) was introduced as a compatibilizer to enhance stress and characteristics of PE/TPS film. This paper determines the optimum PE/TPS/AV film formulation using full factorial design (FFD) analysis. Melt blending and hot-press techniques were used to prepare the film. Four selected PE/TPS/AV samples were chosen to discuss mechanical properties, functional groups, thermal degradation, and thermal properties changes. Based on FFD, PE was the most significant material that caused substantial changes in the film's mechanical properties. Concurrently, the interaction between PE/TPS and TPS/AV significantly influenced the value of the secant modulus. The addition of AV into TPS improved the stress and reduced the strain. New peaks are present in TPS/AV that share the same functional group with PE. Thus, improving the stress of the film. The presence of AV caused peaks 2916 cm-1 and 2849 cm-1 of TPS to strengthen at once; the thermal degradation increases tremendously from 282 °C to 354.70 °C. The melting temperature showed a reduction when TPS/AV was added into PE, but the crystallization temperature did not significantly change. However, significant changes occurred for crystallization enthalpy when TPS/AV was incorporated in PE at once, affecting the degree of crystallinity. In conclusion, AV was suggested to act as a compatibilizer/crosslinker or plasticizer to improve PE film packaging properties.
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=15343
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.11.6.15343
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 11
%N 6
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Siti Fatma Abd Karim,Junaidah Jai,Ku Halim Ku Hamid,Mohd Hariz Mior Muzamin,Nadia Kamarrudin and Rabiatul Adawiyah Abdol Aziz,"Full Factorial Design Analysis and Characterization of Polyethylene, Starch and Aloe Vera Gel Thin Film Formulation," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 2139-2147, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.11.6.15343.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Abd Karim, Siti Fatma
AU  - Jai, Junaidah
AU  - Ku Hamid, Ku Halim
AU  - Mior Muzamin, Mohd Hariz
AU  - Kamarrudin, Nadia
AU  - Abdol Aziz, Rabiatul Adawiyah
PY  - 2021
TI  - Full Factorial Design Analysis and Characterization of Polyethylene, Starch and Aloe Vera Gel Thin Film Formulation
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 11 (2021) No. 6
Y2  - 2021
SP  - 2139
EP  - 2147
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Full factorial design; design expert; thin film; polyethylene-starch film; Aloe vera gel.
N2  - The polyethylene-thermoplastic (PE/TPS) based film was introduced many years ago, but the compatibility of PE/TPS still an issue because synthetic compatibilizer has a safety drawback. In this work, aloe vera (AV) was introduced as a compatibilizer to enhance stress and characteristics of PE/TPS film. This paper determines the optimum PE/TPS/AV film formulation using full factorial design (FFD) analysis. Melt blending and hot-press techniques were used to prepare the film. Four selected PE/TPS/AV samples were chosen to discuss mechanical properties, functional groups, thermal degradation, and thermal properties changes. Based on FFD, PE was the most significant material that caused substantial changes in the film's mechanical properties. Concurrently, the interaction between PE/TPS and TPS/AV significantly influenced the value of the secant modulus. The addition of AV into TPS improved the stress and reduced the strain. New peaks are present in TPS/AV that share the same functional group with PE. Thus, improving the stress of the film. The presence of AV caused peaks 2916 cm-1 and 2849 cm-1 of TPS to strengthen at once; the thermal degradation increases tremendously from 282 °C to 354.70 °C. The melting temperature showed a reduction when TPS/AV was added into PE, but the crystallization temperature did not significantly change. However, significant changes occurred for crystallization enthalpy when TPS/AV was incorporated in PE at once, affecting the degree of crystallinity. In conclusion, AV was suggested to act as a compatibilizer/crosslinker or plasticizer to improve PE film packaging properties.
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=15343
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.6.15343

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 15343
A1 Abd Karim, Siti Fatma
A1 Jai, Junaidah
A1 Ku Hamid, Ku Halim
A1 Mior Muzamin, Mohd Hariz
A1 Kamarrudin, Nadia
A1 Abdol Aziz, Rabiatul Adawiyah
T1 Full Factorial Design Analysis and Characterization of Polyethylene, Starch and Aloe Vera Gel Thin Film Formulation
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 11
IS 6
YR 2021
SP 2139
OP 2147
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Full factorial design; design expert; thin film; polyethylene-starch film; Aloe vera gel.
AB The polyethylene-thermoplastic (PE/TPS) based film was introduced many years ago, but the compatibility of PE/TPS still an issue because synthetic compatibilizer has a safety drawback. In this work, aloe vera (AV) was introduced as a compatibilizer to enhance stress and characteristics of PE/TPS film. This paper determines the optimum PE/TPS/AV film formulation using full factorial design (FFD) analysis. Melt blending and hot-press techniques were used to prepare the film. Four selected PE/TPS/AV samples were chosen to discuss mechanical properties, functional groups, thermal degradation, and thermal properties changes. Based on FFD, PE was the most significant material that caused substantial changes in the film's mechanical properties. Concurrently, the interaction between PE/TPS and TPS/AV significantly influenced the value of the secant modulus. The addition of AV into TPS improved the stress and reduced the strain. New peaks are present in TPS/AV that share the same functional group with PE. Thus, improving the stress of the film. The presence of AV caused peaks 2916 cm-1 and 2849 cm-1 of TPS to strengthen at once; the thermal degradation increases tremendously from 282 °C to 354.70 °C. The melting temperature showed a reduction when TPS/AV was added into PE, but the crystallization temperature did not significantly change. However, significant changes occurred for crystallization enthalpy when TPS/AV was incorporated in PE at once, affecting the degree of crystallinity. In conclusion, AV was suggested to act as a compatibilizer/crosslinker or plasticizer to improve PE film packaging properties.
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=15343
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.11.6.15343