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Weed Seed Inhibition under Solarization Treatment with Different Mulch Color in Tropical Highland Organic Farming System

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@article{IJASEIT1847,
   author = {Nanik Setyowati and Uswatun Nurjanah and Zainal Muktamar and Fahrurrozi Fahrurrozi and Sigit Sudjatmiko and Mohammad Chozin},
   title = {Weed Seed Inhibition under Solarization Treatment with Different Mulch Color in Tropical Highland Organic Farming System},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {7},
   number = {5},
   year = {2017},
   pages = {1894--1899},
   keywords = {weed; plastic mulch; organic farming system; tropical highland; solarization.},
   abstract = {Weeds are the major problem in organic crop production. Soil solarization is a method using clear plastic films to increase soil temperature to control pest organisms such as fungi, bacteria, and weed seeds. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of different plastic mulch color on weed seed inhibition. The experiment was carried out in CAPS Research Station located in Air Duku Village, Bengkulu, Indonesia at 1054 m above sea level, arranged in Randomized Completely Block Design with 3 replications. Treatments comprised 4 different colors of plastic films, i.e silver-black, black, clear, and red as well as control (without mulch). Plastic mulch was laid on 1 m wide x 2 m long raised soil bed for four weeks from April 20–May 23, 2016. Soil temperature underneath plastic mulch at depth of 5, 10, 15, 20 cm from the surface were measured daily at noon. After incubation, soil sample was collected from 0-5; 5-10; 10-15; 15-20 cm depths. Weed seed germination of each soil sample was tested in the greenhouse. A number of weeds were observed after four weeks. The experiment indicated that a month of soil solarization using clear plastic mulch resulted in greatest soil temperature, increasing by 0.54-1.84% as compared to control. Treatment of plastic mulches was effective to suppress seed inhibition at the soil depth of 0-15 cm, as indicated by numbers of germinated weed and its dry matter. Longer soil solarization is necessary to obtain the highest reduction of weed growth in tropical highland organic farming system.

 

},    issn = {2088-5334},    publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},    url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=1847},    doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.7.5.1847} }

EndNote

%A Setyowati, Nanik
%A Nurjanah, Uswatun
%A Muktamar, Zainal
%A Fahrurrozi, Fahrurrozi
%A Sudjatmiko, Sigit
%A Chozin, Mohammad
%D 2017
%T Weed Seed Inhibition under Solarization Treatment with Different Mulch Color in Tropical Highland Organic Farming System
%B 2017
%9 weed; plastic mulch; organic farming system; tropical highland; solarization.
%! Weed Seed Inhibition under Solarization Treatment with Different Mulch Color in Tropical Highland Organic Farming System
%K weed; plastic mulch; organic farming system; tropical highland; solarization.
%X Weeds are the major problem in organic crop production. Soil solarization is a method using clear plastic films to increase soil temperature to control pest organisms such as fungi, bacteria, and weed seeds. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of different plastic mulch color on weed seed inhibition. The experiment was carried out in CAPS Research Station located in Air Duku Village, Bengkulu, Indonesia at 1054 m above sea level, arranged in Randomized Completely Block Design with 3 replications. Treatments comprised 4 different colors of plastic films, i.e silver-black, black, clear, and red as well as control (without mulch). Plastic mulch was laid on 1 m wide x 2 m long raised soil bed for four weeks from April 20–May 23, 2016. Soil temperature underneath plastic mulch at depth of 5, 10, 15, 20 cm from the surface were measured daily at noon. After incubation, soil sample was collected from 0-5; 5-10; 10-15; 15-20 cm depths. Weed seed germination of each soil sample was tested in the greenhouse. A number of weeds were observed after four weeks. The experiment indicated that a month of soil solarization using clear plastic mulch resulted in greatest soil temperature, increasing by 0.54-1.84% as compared to control. Treatment of plastic mulches was effective to suppress seed inhibition at the soil depth of 0-15 cm, as indicated by numbers of germinated weed and its dry matter. Longer soil solarization is necessary to obtain the highest reduction of weed growth in tropical highland organic farming system.

 

%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=1847 %R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.7.5.1847 %J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology %V 7 %N 5 %@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Nanik Setyowati,Uswatun Nurjanah,Zainal Muktamar,Fahrurrozi Fahrurrozi,Sigit Sudjatmiko and Mohammad Chozin,"Weed Seed Inhibition under Solarization Treatment with Different Mulch Color in Tropical Highland Organic Farming System," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 1894-1899, 2017. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.7.5.1847.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Setyowati, Nanik
AU  - Nurjanah, Uswatun
AU  - Muktamar, Zainal
AU  - Fahrurrozi, Fahrurrozi
AU  - Sudjatmiko, Sigit
AU  - Chozin, Mohammad
PY  - 2017
TI  - Weed Seed Inhibition under Solarization Treatment with Different Mulch Color in Tropical Highland Organic Farming System
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 7 (2017) No. 5
Y2  - 2017
SP  - 1894
EP  - 1899
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - weed; plastic mulch; organic farming system; tropical highland; solarization.
N2  - Weeds are the major problem in organic crop production. Soil solarization is a method using clear plastic films to increase soil temperature to control pest organisms such as fungi, bacteria, and weed seeds. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of different plastic mulch color on weed seed inhibition. The experiment was carried out in CAPS Research Station located in Air Duku Village, Bengkulu, Indonesia at 1054 m above sea level, arranged in Randomized Completely Block Design with 3 replications. Treatments comprised 4 different colors of plastic films, i.e silver-black, black, clear, and red as well as control (without mulch). Plastic mulch was laid on 1 m wide x 2 m long raised soil bed for four weeks from April 20–May 23, 2016. Soil temperature underneath plastic mulch at depth of 5, 10, 15, 20 cm from the surface were measured daily at noon. After incubation, soil sample was collected from 0-5; 5-10; 10-15; 15-20 cm depths. Weed seed germination of each soil sample was tested in the greenhouse. A number of weeds were observed after four weeks. The experiment indicated that a month of soil solarization using clear plastic mulch resulted in greatest soil temperature, increasing by 0.54-1.84% as compared to control. Treatment of plastic mulches was effective to suppress seed inhibition at the soil depth of 0-15 cm, as indicated by numbers of germinated weed and its dry matter. Longer soil solarization is necessary to obtain the highest reduction of weed growth in tropical highland organic farming system.

 

UR - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=1847 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.7.5.1847

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 1847
A1 Setyowati, Nanik
A1 Nurjanah, Uswatun
A1 Muktamar, Zainal
A1 Fahrurrozi, Fahrurrozi
A1 Sudjatmiko, Sigit
A1 Chozin, Mohammad
T1 Weed Seed Inhibition under Solarization Treatment with Different Mulch Color in Tropical Highland Organic Farming System
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 7
IS 5
YR 2017
SP 1894
OP 1899
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 weed; plastic mulch; organic farming system; tropical highland; solarization.
AB Weeds are the major problem in organic crop production. Soil solarization is a method using clear plastic films to increase soil temperature to control pest organisms such as fungi, bacteria, and weed seeds. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of different plastic mulch color on weed seed inhibition. The experiment was carried out in CAPS Research Station located in Air Duku Village, Bengkulu, Indonesia at 1054 m above sea level, arranged in Randomized Completely Block Design with 3 replications. Treatments comprised 4 different colors of plastic films, i.e silver-black, black, clear, and red as well as control (without mulch). Plastic mulch was laid on 1 m wide x 2 m long raised soil bed for four weeks from April 20–May 23, 2016. Soil temperature underneath plastic mulch at depth of 5, 10, 15, 20 cm from the surface were measured daily at noon. After incubation, soil sample was collected from 0-5; 5-10; 10-15; 15-20 cm depths. Weed seed germination of each soil sample was tested in the greenhouse. A number of weeds were observed after four weeks. The experiment indicated that a month of soil solarization using clear plastic mulch resulted in greatest soil temperature, increasing by 0.54-1.84% as compared to control. Treatment of plastic mulches was effective to suppress seed inhibition at the soil depth of 0-15 cm, as indicated by numbers of germinated weed and its dry matter. Longer soil solarization is necessary to obtain the highest reduction of weed growth in tropical highland organic farming system.

 

LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=1847 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.7.5.1847