Cite Article

Application of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) in Natural Facial Scrub

Choose citation format

BibTeX

@article{IJASEIT201,
   author = {Norhasliza Hasan and Dayang Radiah Awang Biak and Suryani Kamarudin},
   title = {Application of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) in Natural Facial Scrub},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {2},
   number = {4},
   year = {2012},
   pages = {272--275},
   keywords = {acetobacter xylinum; bacterial cellulose; facial scrub; traditional cosmetic},
   abstract = {A new facial scrub containing only natural ingredients and powdered bacterial cellulose (BC) was formulated. The other ingredients used in the formulation include powdered glutinous rice, aloe vera extract, ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) powder and olive oil. The rheological behaviours of the formulated and commercial facial scrubs were tested using plate and plate rheometer. Both formulated and commercial facial scrubs shows shear thinning  behaviour (non-Newtonian liquid). The formulated facial scrub sample had a higher viscosity at low shear rates compared to the commercial facial scrub (459.7 Pa.s against 359.2 Pa.s at 10s-1), but had a nearly similar viscosity at high shear rates (197.2 Pa.s against 192 Pa.s at 25s-1). By adding preservative, the shelf life of the scrub was two times longer than that without preservatives. The  tested sample dried out after 10 minutes at room temperature (~30°C).},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=201},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.2.4.201}
}

EndNote

%A Hasan, Norhasliza
%A Biak, Dayang Radiah Awang
%A Kamarudin, Suryani
%D 2012
%T Application of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) in Natural Facial Scrub
%B 2012
%9 acetobacter xylinum; bacterial cellulose; facial scrub; traditional cosmetic
%! Application of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) in Natural Facial Scrub
%K acetobacter xylinum; bacterial cellulose; facial scrub; traditional cosmetic
%X A new facial scrub containing only natural ingredients and powdered bacterial cellulose (BC) was formulated. The other ingredients used in the formulation include powdered glutinous rice, aloe vera extract, ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) powder and olive oil. The rheological behaviours of the formulated and commercial facial scrubs were tested using plate and plate rheometer. Both formulated and commercial facial scrubs shows shear thinning  behaviour (non-Newtonian liquid). The formulated facial scrub sample had a higher viscosity at low shear rates compared to the commercial facial scrub (459.7 Pa.s against 359.2 Pa.s at 10s-1), but had a nearly similar viscosity at high shear rates (197.2 Pa.s against 192 Pa.s at 25s-1). By adding preservative, the shelf life of the scrub was two times longer than that without preservatives. The  tested sample dried out after 10 minutes at room temperature (~30°C).
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=201
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.2.4.201
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 2
%N 4
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Norhasliza Hasan,Dayang Radiah Awang Biak and Suryani Kamarudin,"Application of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) in Natural Facial Scrub," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 272-275, 2012. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.2.4.201.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Hasan, Norhasliza
AU  - Biak, Dayang Radiah Awang
AU  - Kamarudin, Suryani
PY  - 2012
TI  - Application of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) in Natural Facial Scrub
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 2 (2012) No. 4
Y2  - 2012
SP  - 272
EP  - 275
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - acetobacter xylinum; bacterial cellulose; facial scrub; traditional cosmetic
N2  - A new facial scrub containing only natural ingredients and powdered bacterial cellulose (BC) was formulated. The other ingredients used in the formulation include powdered glutinous rice, aloe vera extract, ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) powder and olive oil. The rheological behaviours of the formulated and commercial facial scrubs were tested using plate and plate rheometer. Both formulated and commercial facial scrubs shows shear thinning  behaviour (non-Newtonian liquid). The formulated facial scrub sample had a higher viscosity at low shear rates compared to the commercial facial scrub (459.7 Pa.s against 359.2 Pa.s at 10s-1), but had a nearly similar viscosity at high shear rates (197.2 Pa.s against 192 Pa.s at 25s-1). By adding preservative, the shelf life of the scrub was two times longer than that without preservatives. The  tested sample dried out after 10 minutes at room temperature (~30°C).
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=201
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.2.4.201

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 201
A1 Hasan, Norhasliza
A1 Biak, Dayang Radiah Awang
A1 Kamarudin, Suryani
T1 Application of Bacterial Cellulose (BC) in Natural Facial Scrub
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 2
IS 4
YR 2012
SP 272
OP 275
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 acetobacter xylinum; bacterial cellulose; facial scrub; traditional cosmetic
AB A new facial scrub containing only natural ingredients and powdered bacterial cellulose (BC) was formulated. The other ingredients used in the formulation include powdered glutinous rice, aloe vera extract, ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) powder and olive oil. The rheological behaviours of the formulated and commercial facial scrubs were tested using plate and plate rheometer. Both formulated and commercial facial scrubs shows shear thinning  behaviour (non-Newtonian liquid). The formulated facial scrub sample had a higher viscosity at low shear rates compared to the commercial facial scrub (459.7 Pa.s against 359.2 Pa.s at 10s-1), but had a nearly similar viscosity at high shear rates (197.2 Pa.s against 192 Pa.s at 25s-1). By adding preservative, the shelf life of the scrub was two times longer than that without preservatives. The  tested sample dried out after 10 minutes at room temperature (~30°C).
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=201
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.2.4.201