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Pretreatment and Process to Control Mycotoxin in Sustainable Feed Production Using Extracts of Neem (Azadirachta indica)

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@article{IJASEIT364,
   author = {Ida Idayu Muhamad and Saravanan a/l Krishnan and A. Syukur Salehan and Harisun Yaakub and Razauden Mohamed Zulkifli and Amir Husni Muhd Sharif},
   title = {Pretreatment and Process to Control Mycotoxin in Sustainable Feed Production Using Extracts of Neem (Azadirachta indica)},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {4},
   number = {2},
   year = {2014},
   pages = {40--44},
   keywords = {Mycotoxin; Neem; Tray Drying; Animal Feed},
   abstract = {

By some recent estimates, mycotoxins affect as much as 25% of the world’s food crops each year. These highly toxic, naturally occurring compounds are by products (metabolites) of the growth of fungi or moulds. Mycotoxins can result in significant economic loss for crop producers and broiler producers since it represent an ongoing risk to profitability. Factors that contribute to mycotoxin contamination of food and feed include environmental, socio-economic and food production. Environmental conditions especially high humidity and temperatures favour fungal proliferation resulting in contamination of food and feed. The resulting implications include immuno-suppression, impaired growth, various cancers and death depending on the type, period and amount of exposure. Mycotoxin concerns have grown during the last few decades because of their implications to human and animal health, productivity, economics of their management and trade. This has led to development of maximum tolerated limits for mycotoxins in various countries. This paper highlights the use of naturally derived aflatoxin inhibitors from Azadirachtin compound of neem oil, and tray drying in controlling moisture content to inhibit the aflatoxin contamination in pretreated soy based animal feed. High moisture content found in soy based animal feed increases the risk of fungal growth during storage. Neem extract has shown potential as an effective feed additive to minimize the growth of fungi and possibly reduce the risk of toxic effects from mycotoxin production. Preservation methods by means of tray drying have also shown positive results towards the control of fungal growth.

},    issn = {2088-5334},    publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},    url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=364},    doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.4.2.364} }

EndNote

%A Muhamad, Ida Idayu
%A a/l Krishnan, Saravanan
%A Salehan, A. Syukur
%A Yaakub, Harisun
%A Mohamed Zulkifli, Razauden
%A Muhd Sharif, Amir Husni
%D 2014
%T Pretreatment and Process to Control Mycotoxin in Sustainable Feed Production Using Extracts of Neem (Azadirachta indica)
%B 2014
%9 Mycotoxin; Neem; Tray Drying; Animal Feed
%! Pretreatment and Process to Control Mycotoxin in Sustainable Feed Production Using Extracts of Neem (Azadirachta indica)
%K Mycotoxin; Neem; Tray Drying; Animal Feed
%X 

By some recent estimates, mycotoxins affect as much as 25% of the world’s food crops each year. These highly toxic, naturally occurring compounds are by products (metabolites) of the growth of fungi or moulds. Mycotoxins can result in significant economic loss for crop producers and broiler producers since it represent an ongoing risk to profitability. Factors that contribute to mycotoxin contamination of food and feed include environmental, socio-economic and food production. Environmental conditions especially high humidity and temperatures favour fungal proliferation resulting in contamination of food and feed. The resulting implications include immuno-suppression, impaired growth, various cancers and death depending on the type, period and amount of exposure. Mycotoxin concerns have grown during the last few decades because of their implications to human and animal health, productivity, economics of their management and trade. This has led to development of maximum tolerated limits for mycotoxins in various countries. This paper highlights the use of naturally derived aflatoxin inhibitors from Azadirachtin compound of neem oil, and tray drying in controlling moisture content to inhibit the aflatoxin contamination in pretreated soy based animal feed. High moisture content found in soy based animal feed increases the risk of fungal growth during storage. Neem extract has shown potential as an effective feed additive to minimize the growth of fungi and possibly reduce the risk of toxic effects from mycotoxin production. Preservation methods by means of tray drying have also shown positive results towards the control of fungal growth.

%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=364 %R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.4.2.364 %J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology %V 4 %N 2 %@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Ida Idayu Muhamad,Saravanan a/l Krishnan,A. Syukur Salehan,Harisun Yaakub,Razauden Mohamed Zulkifli and Amir Husni Muhd Sharif,"Pretreatment and Process to Control Mycotoxin in Sustainable Feed Production Using Extracts of Neem (Azadirachta indica)," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 40-44, 2014. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.4.2.364.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Muhamad, Ida Idayu
AU  - a/l Krishnan, Saravanan
AU  - Salehan, A. Syukur
AU  - Yaakub, Harisun
AU  - Mohamed Zulkifli, Razauden
AU  - Muhd Sharif, Amir Husni
PY  - 2014
TI  - Pretreatment and Process to Control Mycotoxin in Sustainable Feed Production Using Extracts of Neem (Azadirachta indica)
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 4 (2014) No. 2
Y2  - 2014
SP  - 40
EP  - 44
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - Mycotoxin; Neem; Tray Drying; Animal Feed
N2  - 

By some recent estimates, mycotoxins affect as much as 25% of the world’s food crops each year. These highly toxic, naturally occurring compounds are by products (metabolites) of the growth of fungi or moulds. Mycotoxins can result in significant economic loss for crop producers and broiler producers since it represent an ongoing risk to profitability. Factors that contribute to mycotoxin contamination of food and feed include environmental, socio-economic and food production. Environmental conditions especially high humidity and temperatures favour fungal proliferation resulting in contamination of food and feed. The resulting implications include immuno-suppression, impaired growth, various cancers and death depending on the type, period and amount of exposure. Mycotoxin concerns have grown during the last few decades because of their implications to human and animal health, productivity, economics of their management and trade. This has led to development of maximum tolerated limits for mycotoxins in various countries. This paper highlights the use of naturally derived aflatoxin inhibitors from Azadirachtin compound of neem oil, and tray drying in controlling moisture content to inhibit the aflatoxin contamination in pretreated soy based animal feed. High moisture content found in soy based animal feed increases the risk of fungal growth during storage. Neem extract has shown potential as an effective feed additive to minimize the growth of fungi and possibly reduce the risk of toxic effects from mycotoxin production. Preservation methods by means of tray drying have also shown positive results towards the control of fungal growth.

UR - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=364 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.4.2.364

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 364
A1 Muhamad, Ida Idayu
A1 a/l Krishnan, Saravanan
A1 Salehan, A. Syukur
A1 Yaakub, Harisun
A1 Mohamed Zulkifli, Razauden
A1 Muhd Sharif, Amir Husni
T1 Pretreatment and Process to Control Mycotoxin in Sustainable Feed Production Using Extracts of Neem (Azadirachta indica)
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 4
IS 2
YR 2014
SP 40
OP 44
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 Mycotoxin; Neem; Tray Drying; Animal Feed
AB 

By some recent estimates, mycotoxins affect as much as 25% of the world’s food crops each year. These highly toxic, naturally occurring compounds are by products (metabolites) of the growth of fungi or moulds. Mycotoxins can result in significant economic loss for crop producers and broiler producers since it represent an ongoing risk to profitability. Factors that contribute to mycotoxin contamination of food and feed include environmental, socio-economic and food production. Environmental conditions especially high humidity and temperatures favour fungal proliferation resulting in contamination of food and feed. The resulting implications include immuno-suppression, impaired growth, various cancers and death depending on the type, period and amount of exposure. Mycotoxin concerns have grown during the last few decades because of their implications to human and animal health, productivity, economics of their management and trade. This has led to development of maximum tolerated limits for mycotoxins in various countries. This paper highlights the use of naturally derived aflatoxin inhibitors from Azadirachtin compound of neem oil, and tray drying in controlling moisture content to inhibit the aflatoxin contamination in pretreated soy based animal feed. High moisture content found in soy based animal feed increases the risk of fungal growth during storage. Neem extract has shown potential as an effective feed additive to minimize the growth of fungi and possibly reduce the risk of toxic effects from mycotoxin production. Preservation methods by means of tray drying have also shown positive results towards the control of fungal growth.

LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=364 DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.4.2.364