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Characterization of Cellulose Microfibers Isolated from Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis)

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@article{IJASEIT687,
   author = {Junidah Lamaming and Nurul Hasin Sharudin and Rokiah Hashim and Othman Sulaiman},
   title = {Characterization of Cellulose Microfibers Isolated from Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis)},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {6},
   number = {2},
   year = {2016},
   pages = {170--174},
   keywords = {cellulose microfibers; rubberwood; raw particles; chemical properties; morphological},
   abstract = {Cellulose microfibers were isolated by chemical treatment followed by acid hydrolysis using sulphuric acid. The chemical compositions for extractive, holocellulose, cellulose and lignin were determined. The functional group of raw particles and cellulose microfibers of rubberwood were determined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Morphological studies were viewed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to investigate physical changes of the fibers after acid hydrolysis. The results show that cellulose content was increased to 63 % from 52 % after hydrolysis was conducted to the raw particles. Particle size distribution of cellulose microfibers falls in the range of below 100 µm. The removal of lignin and other extractives during chemical and acid hydrolysis can be seen by the absence of certain band in the FTIR spectra. The individualization of the fibers can be seen after hydrolysis with sulphuric acid. The removal of the surface impurities along with defibrillation were also shown in the cellulose microfibers. Cellulose microfibers were isolated by chemical treatment followed by acid hydrolysis using sulphuric acid. The chemical compositions for extractive, holocellulose, cellulose and lignin were determined. The functional group of raw particles and cellulose microfibers of rubberwood were determined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Morphological studies were viewed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to investigate physical changes of the fibers after acid hydrolysis. The results show that cellulose content was increased to 63 % from 52 % after hydrolysis was conducted to the raw particles. Particle size distribution of cellulose microfibers falls in the range of below 100 µm. The removal of lignin and other extractives during chemical and acid hydrolysis can be seen by the absence of certain band in the FTIR spectra. The individualization of the fibers can be seen after hydrolysis with sulphuric acid. The removal of the surface impurities along with defibrillation were also shown in the cellulose microfibers. },
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=687},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.6.2.687}
}

EndNote

%A Lamaming, Junidah
%A Sharudin, Nurul Hasin
%A Hashim, Rokiah
%A Sulaiman, Othman
%D 2016
%T Characterization of Cellulose Microfibers Isolated from Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis)
%B 2016
%9 cellulose microfibers; rubberwood; raw particles; chemical properties; morphological
%! Characterization of Cellulose Microfibers Isolated from Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis)
%K cellulose microfibers; rubberwood; raw particles; chemical properties; morphological
%X Cellulose microfibers were isolated by chemical treatment followed by acid hydrolysis using sulphuric acid. The chemical compositions for extractive, holocellulose, cellulose and lignin were determined. The functional group of raw particles and cellulose microfibers of rubberwood were determined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Morphological studies were viewed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to investigate physical changes of the fibers after acid hydrolysis. The results show that cellulose content was increased to 63 % from 52 % after hydrolysis was conducted to the raw particles. Particle size distribution of cellulose microfibers falls in the range of below 100 µm. The removal of lignin and other extractives during chemical and acid hydrolysis can be seen by the absence of certain band in the FTIR spectra. The individualization of the fibers can be seen after hydrolysis with sulphuric acid. The removal of the surface impurities along with defibrillation were also shown in the cellulose microfibers. Cellulose microfibers were isolated by chemical treatment followed by acid hydrolysis using sulphuric acid. The chemical compositions for extractive, holocellulose, cellulose and lignin were determined. The functional group of raw particles and cellulose microfibers of rubberwood were determined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Morphological studies were viewed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to investigate physical changes of the fibers after acid hydrolysis. The results show that cellulose content was increased to 63 % from 52 % after hydrolysis was conducted to the raw particles. Particle size distribution of cellulose microfibers falls in the range of below 100 µm. The removal of lignin and other extractives during chemical and acid hydrolysis can be seen by the absence of certain band in the FTIR spectra. The individualization of the fibers can be seen after hydrolysis with sulphuric acid. The removal of the surface impurities along with defibrillation were also shown in the cellulose microfibers. 
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=687
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.6.2.687
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 6
%N 2
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Junidah Lamaming,Nurul Hasin Sharudin,Rokiah Hashim and Othman Sulaiman,"Characterization of Cellulose Microfibers Isolated from Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis)," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 170-174, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.6.2.687.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Lamaming, Junidah
AU  - Sharudin, Nurul Hasin
AU  - Hashim, Rokiah
AU  - Sulaiman, Othman
PY  - 2016
TI  - Characterization of Cellulose Microfibers Isolated from Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis)
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 6 (2016) No. 2
Y2  - 2016
SP  - 170
EP  - 174
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - cellulose microfibers; rubberwood; raw particles; chemical properties; morphological
N2  - Cellulose microfibers were isolated by chemical treatment followed by acid hydrolysis using sulphuric acid. The chemical compositions for extractive, holocellulose, cellulose and lignin were determined. The functional group of raw particles and cellulose microfibers of rubberwood were determined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Morphological studies were viewed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to investigate physical changes of the fibers after acid hydrolysis. The results show that cellulose content was increased to 63 % from 52 % after hydrolysis was conducted to the raw particles. Particle size distribution of cellulose microfibers falls in the range of below 100 µm. The removal of lignin and other extractives during chemical and acid hydrolysis can be seen by the absence of certain band in the FTIR spectra. The individualization of the fibers can be seen after hydrolysis with sulphuric acid. The removal of the surface impurities along with defibrillation were also shown in the cellulose microfibers. Cellulose microfibers were isolated by chemical treatment followed by acid hydrolysis using sulphuric acid. The chemical compositions for extractive, holocellulose, cellulose and lignin were determined. The functional group of raw particles and cellulose microfibers of rubberwood were determined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Morphological studies were viewed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to investigate physical changes of the fibers after acid hydrolysis. The results show that cellulose content was increased to 63 % from 52 % after hydrolysis was conducted to the raw particles. Particle size distribution of cellulose microfibers falls in the range of below 100 µm. The removal of lignin and other extractives during chemical and acid hydrolysis can be seen by the absence of certain band in the FTIR spectra. The individualization of the fibers can be seen after hydrolysis with sulphuric acid. The removal of the surface impurities along with defibrillation were also shown in the cellulose microfibers. 
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=687
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.6.2.687

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 687
A1 Lamaming, Junidah
A1 Sharudin, Nurul Hasin
A1 Hashim, Rokiah
A1 Sulaiman, Othman
T1 Characterization of Cellulose Microfibers Isolated from Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis)
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 6
IS 2
YR 2016
SP 170
OP 174
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 cellulose microfibers; rubberwood; raw particles; chemical properties; morphological
AB Cellulose microfibers were isolated by chemical treatment followed by acid hydrolysis using sulphuric acid. The chemical compositions for extractive, holocellulose, cellulose and lignin were determined. The functional group of raw particles and cellulose microfibers of rubberwood were determined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Morphological studies were viewed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to investigate physical changes of the fibers after acid hydrolysis. The results show that cellulose content was increased to 63 % from 52 % after hydrolysis was conducted to the raw particles. Particle size distribution of cellulose microfibers falls in the range of below 100 µm. The removal of lignin and other extractives during chemical and acid hydrolysis can be seen by the absence of certain band in the FTIR spectra. The individualization of the fibers can be seen after hydrolysis with sulphuric acid. The removal of the surface impurities along with defibrillation were also shown in the cellulose microfibers. Cellulose microfibers were isolated by chemical treatment followed by acid hydrolysis using sulphuric acid. The chemical compositions for extractive, holocellulose, cellulose and lignin were determined. The functional group of raw particles and cellulose microfibers of rubberwood were determined using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Morphological studies were viewed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to investigate physical changes of the fibers after acid hydrolysis. The results show that cellulose content was increased to 63 % from 52 % after hydrolysis was conducted to the raw particles. Particle size distribution of cellulose microfibers falls in the range of below 100 µm. The removal of lignin and other extractives during chemical and acid hydrolysis can be seen by the absence of certain band in the FTIR spectra. The individualization of the fibers can be seen after hydrolysis with sulphuric acid. The removal of the surface impurities along with defibrillation were also shown in the cellulose microfibers. 
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=687
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.6.2.687