International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 1 (2011) No. 5, pages: 541-544, Proceeding of the International Conference on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology (ICASEIT 2011), Bangi, Malaysia, 14-15 January 2011, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.1.5.109

Studies on Flame Retardants on Malaysian Coir Fiber

Elwaleed Awad Khidir, Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor, Rozli Zulkifli, Mohd Faizal Mat Tahir, Zulkarnain Ali Leman

Abstract

In this study to the effect of the utilization of urea and diammonium phosphate as fire retardant on Malaysian coir fiber was evaluated. Flammability and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) tests were used to evaluate the fire retardancy. Weight loss and percentage of mass residue were used as a measure from the results of flammability and TGA, respectively. The results revealed the effectiveness of using urea and diammonium phosphate as fire retardant for Malaysian coir fiber. However, for the samples treated with retardant high concentration the weight loss is not significant with the time of dipping treatment. This indicates that the just dip application for the fire retardant of higher concentration is sufficient.

Keywords:

fire retardant; coir fiber; flammability; thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)

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