International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 10 (2020) No. 3, pages: 1228-1233, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.10.3.11117

The Effects of Ginger Volatile Oil (GVO) on The Metabolic Profile of Glycolytic Pathway, Free Radical and Antioxidant Activities of Heat-Stressed Cihateup Duck

Kurnia Asumatrani Kamil, Diding Latipudin, Andi Mushawir, Dedi Rahmat, Roostita Lobo Balia

Abstract

One hundred twenty-five female ducks, with an average body weight of 1485.51±14.72 g, aged eight weeks, were used in this experiment to examine the effect of ginger volatile oil (GVO) on the metabolic profile of the glycolytic pathways, free radical and antioxidant activity in heat-stressed Cihateup ducks. GVO isolation was carried out by the distillation technique. Cihateup duck samples were divided into five treatment groups, each group with 25 animals. Each treatment consisted of five replications so that each repetition consisted of 5 duck samples. The treatment in this study was A: temperature of the comfort zone (24°C) and without administration of GVO; B: heat stress (38°C) and without GVO; C: heat stress (38°C) and 150 µL GVO/tail; D: hot stress (38°C) and 200 µL GVO/tail, E: Hot stress (38°C) and 250 µL GVO/tail. GVO was given every morning orally (force-fed). The data then statistically analyzed with ANOVA procedure to determine the treatment effect. Duncan's multiple range test was used to compare the treatment effect. The results showed that the metabolic profile of the glycolytic pathway appeared to be in the normal range by administering 250 µL GVO. The reduction of free radicals activity and increased endogenous antioxidants (Glutathione Peroxidase) activity were also found in GVE treated ducks. In conclusion, the heat stress of Cihateup duck was reduced by administering the GVO.

Keywords:

GVO; glycolytic pathway; free radical; antioxidant; duck.

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