International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 11 (2021) No. 1, pages: 272-280, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.11.1.11901

The Effect of Mixed Inoculum Addition Concentration and Fermentation Time on the Characteristics of Dry Cocoa Beans (Theobroma cacao L.)

Ida Bagus Wayan Gunam, Andi Suryanto, G. P. Ganda Putra, I Wayan Kasa, I Dewa Gede Mayun Permana, Putu Sarjana, I Wayan Wisma Pradnyana Putra, Takeshi Takama

Abstract

The fermentation process has an important role in determining the quality of cocoa beans by forming taste, color, aroma, and appearance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of inoculum concentration and fermentation time on the characteristics of dry cocoa beans and determine the best conditions for both inoculum addition concentration and fermentation time to produce dry cocoa beans under Indonesian national standards. The research used completely randomized design with two factors; the first factor was the starter concentration consisting of controls (0%), 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, and 2% (v/w). The second factor is the fermentation time, namely 1 day, 2 days, 3 days, 4 days, and 5 days. Treatment was repeated twice to get 50 units of the experiment. The results showed that the addition concentration of mixed inoculum (Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Lactobacillus plantarum) had a significant effect on changes in temperature and pH during fermentation, and it also had a significant effect on total unfermented beans. This study showed that time fermentation treatment had a very significant effect on all tests. The interaction of the two treatments had a significant effect on temperature changes during fermentation; it also significantly affected total unfermented beans. According to the Indonesian National Standard of cocoa beans, the best treatment, and the fastest fermentation time to produce the first quality standard (cut test) is a concentration of 1% mixed inoculum and fermentation in 3 days.

Keywords:

Characteristics; dry cocoa beans; fermentation time; mixed inoculum; starter concentration.

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