International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 10 (2020) No. 5, pages: 2097-2102, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.10.5.12217

Impact of Soil Water Quality on Yield, Qualities and Water Consumptive Use of Melon (Cucumis Melo L)

Nurpilihan Bafdal, Boy Macklin Pareira

Abstract

Indonesia has two seasons. These are wet season and dry season; in the dry season, water from rainfall decreases and demand for water as irrigation resources decrease. Soil water is expected to supply irrigation in the agriculture sector. Water quality at Universitas Padjadjaran can be affected by poor water disposal planning and the location of the surrounding industrial estate, animal farms, farm activities and domestic wastewater. Poor water quality can affect the quality and quantity of crops. Melon is commonly not needed much water as a consumptive use but needs water in whole life and usually applied irrigated, especially if growth in the greenhouse. Poorly applied water qualities of the melon can will impact the quality and quantity to decrease. Research on the impact of soil water quality on yield and quality and consumptive use of melon was conducted at the greenhouse located in Universitas Padjadjaran Campus, West Java Province, Indonesia, from July to November 2019. The research method is descriptive analysis, and melon is planted in containers called autopot and fertigation daily applied by control of autopot smart valve. The results show that TSS of soil water were 200.2 mg/al; TDS 300.2 mg/L; EC 0.75 mS/cm; pH 7,0 and turbidity is 4.75 NTU. The quality of melon shows that water 95.19%; Fat 0.88%; ash 0.57%; protein 1.37%; carbohydrate 1.99% vitamin C 6.91% and sweeteners is 9.4 Brix. In conclusion, that soil water meets requirements as resources irrigation to applied melon.

Keywords:

autopot; fertigation; water quality and irrigation.

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