International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 12 (2022) No. 3, pages: 908-914, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.12.3.13261

The Potential of Agricultural Land Drought Using Normalized Difference Drought Index in Ciampel Subdistrict Karawang Regency

Iffa Faliha Dzakiyah, Ratna Saraswati, Fajar Dwi Pamungkas

Abstract

Karawang Regency, known as the National Rice Reserve, is experiencing drought on farmland. The Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) of Karawang Regency noted that drought in 14 villages spread across three sub-districts in Karawang Regency has developed in 2019, such as Ciampel sub-district. Rice production decreased in 2015-2019 by 19 percent. The purpose of this study is to analyze the drought area of agricultural land using the Normalized Difference Drought Index (NDDI) and analyze the relationship between agricultural land drought and rainfall in Ciampel Sub-District, Karawang Regency in 2015 and 2019. The study used Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS in August-September 2015 and 2019. Agricultural land drought using the NDDI method is the ratio between the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the Normalized Difference Wetness Index (NDWI). The results showed a map of the distribution of agricultural land drought in Ciampel Sub-district, Karawang Regency during 2015 and 2019 with three classes of agricultural land drought (dry, rather dry, normal). The total area of agricultural drought in August 2015 was 11,166 hectares and as of September 2019 was 3,119 hectares. While as of September 2015, it was 3,086 hectares, and in 2019 was 3,158 hectares. The drought that hit Ciampel Sub-District in September 2019 hit almost all areas and dry areas in the middle eastern part of the Ciampel Sub-District. The drought, which is included in the classification of dry that hit irrigated rice field, was 20.19 %. Meanwhile, the rainfed rice field was 32.79%, and in dryland was 24.83%.

Keywords:

Agricultural land drought; NDVI; NDWI; NDDI; land use.

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