International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 10 (2020) No. 5, pages: 2145-2151, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.10.5.13421

Design of Sustainable Agricultural-Based Biomass Electrification Model in the Islands Area: Prospect of Bamboo Biomass

- Aisman, - Santosa, Rika Ampuh Hadiguna, Novizar Nazir

Abstract

In 2020, it is projected that the number of households in the Kepulauan Mentawai  Regency will reach 22,534 units in which 9,471 units have received electricity from the State Electricity Company (PLN). By the end of 2020, as many as 1,244 households will be targeted to get electricity from the bamboo biomass power plant that has been built. Thus until the end of 2020, there were still 11,819 household units that would not yet get electricity. The Kepulauan Mentawai  Regency Government targets that by the end of 2035 all households will have electricity, by developing electricity using bamboo biomass raw materials. The number of households in the Kepulauan Mentawai  Regency until the end of 2035 is projected to be 28,639 units, of which from 2020 to the end of 2035, there will be 17,924 household units including electricity needs. If each household is targeted to get 450 VA power, then the total electricity power still needed is 8,066 KVA or approximately 70,758,160 kWh/year. The bamboo biomass power plant, which will be operated in the Kepulauan Mentawai Regency, currently requires 1.5 kg of dry bamboo to produce 1 kW power with a power factor (ghospi) of 0.8. Thus the need for bamboo for power plants is approximately 132,484.1 tons/year. Therefore, to provide this bamboo supply, approximately 714 ha of bamboo is needed.

Keywords:

bamboo, biomas, electrification

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