International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 12 (2022) No. 2, pages: 854-860, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.12.2.13853

The Narration Layer of Fatahillah Museum Based on Narratology Model Analysis

Rudy Trisno, Andreas Y. Wibisono, Fermanto Lianto, Valenciana Utari Sularko


The narratology model of museum architecture divides storytelling into four layers; history, story, narrative, and narration. The model is a translation from the narratology model in the literature field by the logical argumentation method. The narratology model has not been examined in the existing museum. Therefore, this study aims to find a way to apply the model to the narration layer and see the characteristic of the storytelling medium. This method uses descriptive methods and direct observation. The object study was Fatahillah Museum. The researchers found three findings in this study. First, the narration layer can be carried out by visitors through direct observation without prior knowledge of the curator’s or architect’s intention. Second, each spot of the story is dominated by a combination of storytelling medium and only label medium that can be autonomous. Third, the Fatahillah Museum has an intradiegetic storytelling medium, namely site, building, spatial form, and object, and an extradiegetic storytelling medium, namely, the organization of space, labels, and people. Each room in the Fatahillah Museum is a combination of these two characteristics. The intradiegetic characteristic of the Fatahillah Museum is the main strength because visitors can meet the narrator who is involved in past events. The suggestions for researchers or other designers are that the use of technology as a storytelling medium to increase the level of enthusiasm of visitors is a good thing. However, technology as a medium for storytelling must still be able to increase the intradiegetic value.


Fatahillah Museum; architecture narratology model; narrative architecture; narrative museum.

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