International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 12 (2022) No. 5, pages: 1973-1980, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.12.5.14242

Adaptive Phase Error Suppression Concerning 3D surface Deformation Measurement on Color Digital Fringe Projection Profilometry

- Suprijanto, Naila Zahra, Vebi nadhira, Endang Juliastuti

Abstract

3D surface measurement based on phase-shifting profilometry (PSP) has been actively developed in recent years. Three color channels of RGB that are modulated to generate a one-shot PSP method is a concept of color digital fringe pattern profilometry (CDFPP). The CDFPP is a promising technique for the 3D imaging profile of dynamic surface deformation if several phase errors in the one-shot PSP method can be suppressed. This work proposes a processing scheme for phase error suppression schemes (PESS) based on retrieving the modulated sinusoidal fringe and color fringe normalization in PSP using RGB color channel. The processing of PESS consists of tunable bandpass filtering (BPF) followed by fringe normalization. The initial BPF function is defined based on a smoothing spline data set of frequency and power spectrum from the baseline color fringe image. The predefine BPF function could be tunable during the imaging process by considering each frame's condition and RGB channel spectrum mapping. The corrected fringe images are then normalized from the color imbalance, and the phase shift is calculated using the conventional three-step PSP. For evaluation, PESS is performed to reconstruct simulator membrane deformation from four different static profiles and tested to observe the 3D surface of continuous membrane deformation. The PESS could suppress the phase errors of less than 30% less absolute errors than the conventional method and successfully reconstruct the 3D surface for low-frequency continuous membrane deformation with minimizing phase errors.

Keywords:

Color fringe; profilometry; surface deformation; tunable bandpass filter; smoothing spline.

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