International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 12 (2022) No. 5, pages: 1721-1727, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.12.5.15512

Leaf Characterizations of IRR 400 Series, BPM 24, and RRIC 100 Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) Clone Using Leafgram Method

Syarifah Aini Pasaribu, Mohammad Basyuni, Edison Purba, Yaya Hasanah

Abstract

Leaf characterization of rubber clones needs to be done from the start, especially for plants in the budwood garden. This function is to produce genetically pure and original plants. The purpose of this study was to characterize the IRR series 400, RRIC 100, and BPM 24 clones based on leaf character using the leafgram method. The types of clones that were characterized were IRR 425, IRR 428, IRR 429, IRR 434, IRR 440, RRIC 100, and BPM 24. The leaves characterized were the middle leaves of each clone as many as 50 leaves per clone, divided into three replications. The leaf characters observed were length, width, top fold point, center point, left strand, large, apex angle, vein angle, basal angle, apex kite angle, basal kite angle, ratio length/width, ratio length/top fold point, ratio left strand/large/ ratio left strand top fold point, ratio left strand/center point, ratio top fold point/large, ratio top fold point/center point, ratio apex/basal angle, ratio vein/apex angle, ratio vein/basal angle and ratio apex kite/basal kite angle. Data were analyzed using MINITAB 16 software and Microsoft Office 2010. The characterization results showed that the distinguishing characters that can be used as characteristic of characters are width, left strand, apex angle, basal angle, ratio length /width, ratio left strand/top fold point, ratio left strand ratio/center point, ratio top fold point/large, ratio apex/basal angle, ratio vein/apex angle, and ratio vein/ basal angle.

Keywords:

Leaf; rubber; budwood garden; characterization; leaf gram.

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