International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 13 (2023) No. 4, pages: 1529-1536, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.13.4.18425

Level of User Security Behavior in the Service Industry

- Gushelmi, Rodziah Latih, Abdullah Mohd. Zin


User security behavior is all user actions related to computer system security. Previous studies have shown that user security behavior is one of the main causes of computer and information security problems in many organizations. In order to mitigate this problem, we need to find a solution to improve user security behavior in the organization. This process involves three steps. This study emphasizes the first step to address an organization's security behavior. Therefore, this study aims to determine the level of user security behavior for four service industries in West Sumatra in 2019. This study is carried out by using a survey research method. Questionnaires were distributed to 320 respondents from four service sectors: government, education, banking, and private services. The questionnaire consists of 30 questions comprising seven factors influencing user security behavior: the organization's values, co-workers' behavior, the ability to make decisions, the availability of supporting tools, individual values and standards, the employee-employer relationship, and the Effort required. The result shows that the level of user security behavior is reasonably high. This implies that service sector employees in Indonesia are aware of the threats in cyberspace and the importance of the security procedure at work. For further research, we plan to study some security problems in more detail to propose possible solutions or actions to improve user security behavior in the service industry, particularly in Indonesia.


Malware; cybercrimes; security awareness; information security

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