International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 2 (2012) No. 4, pages: 306-308, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.2.4.210

Flame Retardant Effects of Nano-Clinoptilolite on AcrylonitrileButadiene-Styrene (ABS) Nano-Composite

Aboulfazl Barati, Gholamreza Salbi, Taghi Miri

Abstract

In recent years, intumescent technology has found a place in polymer science as a method of providing flame retardance to polymeric materials. On heating, fire-retardant intumescent material restricts the action of the heat flux or flame. The proposed mechanism is based on charred layer acting as physical barrier, which slows down heat and mass transfer between the gas and the condensed phases. In this paper, the flammability of intumescent fire-retardant acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) matrix composites consisting of hydromagnesite (HMg) as an acid source and blowing agent, pentaerythritol (PER) as a carbonisation agent and natural zeolite (clinoptilolite rich, Kansar Shargh) as a synergistic agent were examined. The flammability of composites was characterized by limiting oxygen index (LOI) measurement and horizontal burning tests. A synergistic effect in flame retardancy was observed when natural zeolites were used in combination with HMg and PER.

Keywords:

Flame retardant; ABS; Nano-composite; Clinoptilolite; Intumescenc

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