International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 9 (2019) No. 2, List of accepted papers, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.9.2.2408

Combustion Performance of Biomass Composite Briquette from Rice Husk and Banana Residue

Munira Mohamed Nazari, Chin Pooi San, Nor Amira Atan

Abstract

Utilization of agro-waste material in producing biomass briquette has been actively explored due to its huge potential as an alternative option to current energy resources. In addition, development of biomass briquette also solved agricultural waste disposal issues. Biomass briquette is widely utilized for domestic and industrial purposes such as cooking, heating and electricity generation. This study was conducted to assess the combustion performance of the biomass composite briquette which was produced by combining two agro-waste materials which are rice husk and banana residue. The composite briquette was densified at constant and controlled temperature as well as pressure by varying the particle size and ratio of the raw materials.  The particle size used were 300 μm, 150 μm and 75 μm and then these particles were blended in various composition of rice husk and banana residue in percentage composition  of 100:0, 80:20 and 60:40, respectively. The combustion performances of composite briquette was assessed by evaluating their burning rate, calorific value, volatile matter, ash content and fixed carbon content. Result showed the composition of rice husk and banana residue of 60:40 with the particle size of 150 μm as the optimal combination. Furthermore, the result from combustion performance results indicated that biomass composite briquette from rice husk and banana residue has the potential to be applied as solid fuel.

Keywords:

Composite briquette; Combustion performance; Composition

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