International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 8 (2018) No. 6, pages: 2278-2285, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.8.6.2481

Statistical Characterization of Indian Residential Networks for Powerline Communication

Shashidhar Kasthala, GKD Prasanna Venkatesan, A Amudha

Abstract

Despite different powerline channel modeling techniques, developed so far, there are still specific dynamic, varying parameters (viz. the random load variation and inconsistent electrical wiring) to be studied for a valid and reliable power line communication (PLC) model. Statistical characterization of PLC channel may provide the required background for refinement of these existent models. In this paper, the Indian residential networks are statistically analyzed in the frequency range of 1-100 MHz. This also includes the comprehensive analysis of line impedance, stationary noise, channel capacity and average channel gain. From the measurements, the noise spectrum density is found to be less than -90 dBm at a frequency less than 1 MHz and is almost constant after 70 MHz. The minimum and maximum channel capacity of the network is 71.5 Mbps and 97.7 Mbps respectively. The Average channel gain is estimated at -30 dB. The paper also reviews the channel transfer function developed by top-down and bottom-top approaches.  Finally, some additional factors influencing the PLC channel are also discussed.

Keywords:

average channel gain; channel capacity; channel transfer function; line impedance.

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