International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 3 (2013) No. 1, pages: 16-22, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.3.1.269

The Research for Supporting Sustainable Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) Production

Ellina Mansyah, Irwan Muas, M. Jawal A.S, Affandi Affandi

Abstract

Mangosteen has already given the highest contribution to Indonesian fruit export value in the recent ten years. Therefore, this commodity should be developing into commercial scale. This plant has many benefits, especially for health, processed food and cosmetics industries. Problems encountered in developing and marketing mangosteen are slow growth, poor quality of fruit by scars on fruit skin, and gamboge disorder on fruit skin and flesh. To support the sustainable production of mangosteen Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) has conducted a series of research to overcome the problems through safety, healthy and eco-friendly ways. The results including: technology to accelerate the growth of mangosteen through CO2 manipulation and the use of mycorrhizal fungi; eco-friendly technology to control fruit skin scars; the controlling of gamboge disorder through fertilization and irrigation, in which mangosteen variety is free from gamboge disorder.

Keywords:

Mangosteen; Production; Research; Sustainable

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