International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 7 (2017) No. 4, pages: 1374-1380, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.7.4.3145

Design of Crude Palm Oil Monitoring System using Electrical Capacitance Tomography: A Conceptual Framework

Hanis Liyana Mohmad Ameran, Elmy Johana Mohamad, Ruzairi Abdul Rahim, Wan Norhisyam Abd Rashid, Zulkifli Mansor

Abstract

In Crude Palm Oil (CPO) milling operations, the oil flow that has gone through separation process must be tested for its purity as wastes (e.g. palm oil mill effluent, water, sludge) tend to get carried along the process pipeline. At present, this procedure usually takes up to 5 days as samples of the flow needed to be verified biologically for its composition. Electrical Capacitance Tomography (ECT) systems that are able to provide the cross-sectional images of a closed content has proven the possibility of monitoring the composition of CPO flow in online manner. ECT systems are also able to provide other crucial flow information such as its velocity and flow regime that could help in controlling the processes. In this paper, a brief literature review of existing ECT systems are presented, then a conceptual design for developing an ECT system for visualizing and measuring CPO flow are presented along with the decision process of choosing suitable technique and hardware types for the new ECT system for CPO monitoring. A preliminary simulation study of the capability of the designed system to reconstruct images of water-oil flow phantoms is also presented. The simulation results show that the designed system is capable of reconstructing phantom images with error lower than 30 %.

Keywords:

Electrical Capacitance Tomography; flow measurement; water-oil flow

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