International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 8 (2018) No. 1, pages: 37-43, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.8.1.3190

Risk Assessment Model of Technogenic Pollution of the Environment from Oil Spill in the Northern Caspian Sea

Kairat Bostanbekov, Daniyar Nurseitov, Dmitriy Kim

Abstract

This article describes the development of a multifunctional geoinformation system RANDOM (Risk Assessment of Nature Detriment due to Oil spill Migration), realizing a multiprocessor calculation of probabilistic risk models to assess the negative impact of the oil spill on the biota of the North Caspian. The urgency of the problems associated with the development of oil fields in a very vulnerable shallow part of the Caspian Sea, where a major accident could have disastrous consequences. We describe a risk model of biota damage in the case of accidental environmental pollution. The model rests on the formalization of the notions of the accident, environmental pollution, biomass, and biota sensitivity, which depend on each other in the case of an accident. In addition, this article describes the development process from design to implementation. The system is designed on the basis of service-oriented architecture (SOA), which allows for easy, flexible integration of services, and access them via the Internet. Through the use of SOA, the system can be expanded and upgraded. In this approach, the services may be located on physically different servers. Tests have shown the benefit of using a supercomputer; it enables us to obtain a risk assessment for an adequate time. This system is designed for professionals in the field of ecology and mathematical modelling and subsoil oil fields on the continental shelf of the seas and oceans. RANDOM system as the final result of the decision of risk assessment tasks includes a series of calculation modules based on the methods of probability theory, computational mathematics, hydrodynamics, oil chemistry, marine biology, mathematical modelling, and geoinformatics.

Keywords:

GIS; RANDOM; Risk; oil spill; caspian sea; biota damage

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