International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 8 (2018) No. 6, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.8.6.3482

Prioritizing Criteria of Earthquake Safe Housing in Earthquake Prone Areas: A Case of Housing in Padang City

Prima Fithri, Rika Ampuh Hadiguna, Puti Gina K I Putri


The aims of this research are to determine earthquake-safe housing development criterion in Padang City and find the relationships level of these criterions with customer requirements. The data of consumer perceptions on which are safe houses in prone areas to earthquake and tsunami was collected by the questionnaire. Quality Function Deployment (QFD) and the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) methods were used in this research. AHP showed the priority level of each indicator within the criteria.  Conducting 109 questionnaires for consumers who buy housing on "Tsunami Yellow Zone" and developers who develop housing on the same area in 2012. It can be seen that the customers’ priorities on the earthquake-safe housing criteria are the developer commitment to implementing technical specification on keeping the housing safe from the earthquake. This research focused on housing developers and consumers in the disaster-prone area such as Padang City. The value of this research is to know the consumer requirements and its relationships with developers technical characteristics. In the end, these developers will consider the criteria that required by the consumer and make the developed safer housing for consumers in the disaster-prone area.


Housing, customer requirement, disaster areas, Quality Function Deployment (QFD), Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP).

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