International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 4 (2014) No. 3, pages: 158-161, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.4.3.391

Exploration and Characterization of Brown Rice Germplasms in West Sumatra

Indra Dwipa, Irfan Suliansyah, Auzar Syarif

Abstract

Studies on brown rice germplasm exploration has been carried out in West Sumatra in January to April 2010. The research aim is to get the brown rice collection from West Sumatera Province. Exploration was  carried out in every county and city in West Sumatra Province by collecting all types of brown rice which was obtained in the field. It was Found 19 genotypes of rice brown rice in West Sumatra scattered five districts each with 6 genotypes at Solok regency, 4 genotypes in South Solok, 3 genotypes in Pasaman, 5 genotypes in West Pasaman, and 1 genotype in South Coastal District . Based on the analysis of kinship and RAPD analysis turns red rice paddy West Sumatra is grouped into nine groups on the degree of similarity of 86% and there is still diversity in each group. While the kinship which is based on morphological similarities have  two groups with the degree of similarity of 66%.

Keywords:

Brown rice, exploration, germ plasm, West Sumatra.

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