International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 4 (2014) No. 4, pages: 237-244, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.4.4.408

Fiscal Policy for Renewable Energy Sources and Its Economic Impact

Rita Helbra Tenrini, Sidiq Suryo Nugroho

Abstract

Indonesia is the largest producers of palm oil. Along with the increasing demand for renewable energy source, palm oil will turn to be a very important commodity in the future. The palm oil industry will gain more value-added if they export the commodities in processed materials rather than raw materials. On the other hands palm oil industry more likely to export raw material, because there’s no incentives for them to export processed materials. Therefore, to give an incentive to palm oil industry, the government of Indonesia should give fiscal incentives to encourage palm oil industry to produce processed materials. The purpose of this study is to identify the appropriate fiscal policy to palm oil industry and to estimate the economic impact due to the implementation of fiscal incentives policy. The methodology used in this research is analysis using Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) that can give an overview the impact of policy implementation to factors of production, an institution such as government and household, and other sectors including palm oil sectors itself. The result of this study that is the proposed fiscal policy in palm oil industry was fiscal incentives in the form of VAT exemption. Economic impact analysis that came from SAM indicates that implementation of the policy has an overall positive impact to factors of production, institution and sector.

Keywords:

Fiscal Policy; Palm Oil; Renewable Energy; Fiscal Incentive;Social Accounting Matrix.

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