International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 8 (2018) No. 5, pages: 2114-2121, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.8.5.4724

The Utilization of Ceramic Membrane for Treating of Water from Sekanak River Palembang to Produce Clean Water

- Sisnayati, Muhammad Said, Subriyer Nasir, Dwi Putro Priadi

Abstract

The aims of this research is to produce clean water from Sekanak River by using the ceramic membrane. Also, this study is to analyze the performance of ceramic membranes in terms of its ability to reduce the pollutants contained in water from Sekanak River. The ceramic membrane was tube-shaped, made from clay (87.5 %w), iron powder (2.5 %w) and activated carbon of oil palm empty bunch (10 %w). The operation condition of membrane separation was of 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 45 minutes, 60 minutes, 75 minutes, 90 minutes and the applied  pressure  was of 1.0 bar, 1.5 bar and 2.0 bar. The reduction pollutants (Fe, Mn, Zn, NH3-N, NO2-, PO4-3,H2S, BOD5, and TSS) concentration increased with increasing the pressure and the operating time of membrane separation. After treating by the ceramic membrane, the  average rejection of Fe, Mn, Zn, NH3-N, NO2-, PO4-3, H2S, BOD5, and TSS  are 81.22%, 95.00%,  99.00%, 85.19%, 78.85%, 73.95%, 97.78%, 87.55%, and 75.46% respectively. The pollutant concentrations in the effluent were met the Environmental Quality Standards (BML).

Keywords:

water treatment, ceramic membrane, pressure, time operation, clean water

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