International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 5 (2015) No. 4, pages: 357-360, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.5.4.514

Sodium, Saturated Fat, and Sugar Added Intake of The Diet of Children 2-12 Years Old

Angga Hardiansyah, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Dadang Sukandar

Abstract

The aims of the study were to analyze intake of sodium, saturated fat (SFA), and added sugar of children 2-12 years old. For this purpose, 38.890 children 2-12 years old from the food consumption data of the basic health survey of the Ministry of Health were analyzed. The intake of sodium, SFA, and added sugar were calculated by using food composition table (FCT) of Indonesia and USDA, and from nutrition facts of labeled foods.The sodium and SFA calculated include both natural resources and which added to food and beverage products. The sugar added calculated include all sugar which added to food and beverage products. The results showed that the intake of sodium, SFA, and added sugar of each childern varies greatly. The mean of sodium, SFA, and added sugar intake was 1010.3 ± 963.5 mg, 10.9 ± 9,2 g, and 19.0 ± 35.1 g respectively. There were 30% of childern have excessive sodium intake, 28% of childern have excessive SFA intake (> 8%-e), and 14% of childern have excessive added sugar intake (> 10%-e). This implies that some childern exposed to high intake of sodium, saturated fat, and added sugar. 

Keywords:

sugar, saturated fatty acid, sodium, children, diet quality

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