International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 8 (2018) No. 4-2: Special Issue on Empowering the Nation via 4IR (The Fourth Industrial Revolution)., pages: 1784-1791, Chief Editor: Khairuddin Omar | Editorial Boards : Shahnorbanun Sahran Hassan, Nor Samsiah Sani, Heuiseok Lim & Danial Hoosyar, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.8.4-2.6822

Leveraging Multimodal Interaction and Adaptive Interfaces for Location-based Augmented Reality Islamic Tourism Application

Rimaniza Zainal Abidin, Haslina Arshad, Saidatul A’isyah Ahmad Shukri, Mah Fui Ling


A Location-based Augmented Reality (LBAR) application leveraging multimodal interaction and adaptive interface based on Islamic tourism information was proposed to enhance user experience while travelling. LBAR has the potential to improve tourist experience and help tourists to access relevant information, thus improving their knowledge regarding touristic destination while increasing levels of their entertainment throughout the process. In LBAR application, Point of Interest (POI) displayed are exposed to the “occlusion problem” where the AR contents are visually redundant and overlapping with one another causing the users to loose valuable information. Previous research have suggested the design of AR POI which help user to see the augmented POI clearly. The user can click on the desired POI but it still displays a large amount of POI. From our best study, there is limitation of research studying on how to minimize the amount of displayed POI based on user’s current needs. Therefore, in this paper we suggest to use an adaptive user interface and multimodal interaction to solve this problem. We discussed the process of analysing and designing the user interfaces of previous studies. The proposed mobile solution was presented by explaining the application contents, the combination of adaptive multimodal inputs, system’s flow chart and multimodal task definition. Then the user evaluation was conducted to measure the level of satisfaction in terms of the usability of the application. A total of 24 Islamic tourists have participated in this study. The findings revealed that the average SUS score of 75.83 of respondents agree in terms of satisfaction of the LBAR application to be utilized while traveling. Finally, we conclude this paper by providing the suggestion of future works.


Location-based Augmented Reality; Multimodal Interaction; Adaptive Interfaces; Tourism Application.

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