International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 6 (2016) No. 2, pages: 229-232, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.6.2.714

Method of Communicating in Public Lecture for HIV/AIDS Prevention in The District North Aceh

Irwana Wahab

Abstract

Development's Millennium Development Goal (MDG) on reducing infectious diseases including HIV / AIDS. The program still faces many obstacles, because the problem of HIV / AIDS isrelated to lack of knowledge and understanding of the community. The resistance of the socio-cultural aspects in counseling is happening, especially in Aceh province as religion-based province. In connection with the program to improve public knowledge in the prevention of HIV / AIDS, communication concept developed should always pay attention to the closeness between the aspects of culture, psychological, and social. This study aims to determine the appropriate method of communication in the prevention of HIV / AIDS in North Aceh District by religious leaders (religious teacher) and health counselors. This study is a quasi-experimental (quasi-experimental study pretest and posttest design). This study was conducted in North Aceh District covers three districts and each sub-district consists of two villages namely Lhoksukon Subdistrict (Desa Ara Abe and Village Nga), Dewantara subdistrict (Desa Paloh Lada and Village Bangka Jaya), Seunuddon districts (Village Ulee Rubeek West and the village of Ulee Rubeek Timu). This research has been conducted in April-May 2015. Thepopulations were used as much as 14.020 couples of reproductive age and the samples were obtained using a sample size of at least 132, according Lemeshow in every village so that the entire sample of 492 couples of childbearing age. Data were analyzed using a pretest and posttest gain index, while hipdissertation test using Mann-Whitney U. Based on the results showed that the empirically proven that the model of health education approach  method with religious leaders (religious teacher) proved more effective than the model of health education undertaken by health counselors. There are differences in the level of knowledge about the prevention of HIV / AIDS significantly in women of reproductive after the health education provided by religious teacher and health counselors, (p = 0.001 <0.05). Increased knowledge score Aged Women of Reproductive about the prevention of HIV / AIDS are taught by religious teacher was significantly higher than the score of knowledge of women of reproductive who receive counseling by health counselors women of reproductive are more enthusiastic to follow counseling that delivered by religious teachercompare to the counseling which delivered by health counselors. Proximity psychological, emotional, social and culture among women of reproductive age with religious teacher. This is because the religious teacher can customize the material submitted by the communicant sociopsychologic. During this time the role of religious teacher is more on improving the quality of faith and morality, while the implementation in the prevention of various diseases that can be affected the public. It is suggested that the religious teacher should be empowered to educate the public about health through religious approach by using effective communication methods to improve public knowledge.

Keywords:

communication strategy; knowledge; people; prevention of HIV / AIDS

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