International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 10 (2020) No. 6, pages: 2504-2511, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.7433

Risk Assessment on Failure Factors of e-waste Management Process Using FMEA Method

Dino Rimantho, Erliza Noor, - Eriyatno, Hefni Effendi

Abstract

Utilization of electronic products expansion dramatically in recent decades throughout the globe. Faster technological evolution is one of the causes of the high use of electronic products and makes the product obsolete rapidly. Therefore, this encourages the potential for various risks and becomes one of the problems in the sustainability of environmental management. Moreover, risk factors study in the process of managing e-waste has not been done. Therefore, this study will analyze the risk of e-waste management factors using the Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) approach. Several important information regarding the risk factors of the e-waste management process were collected using literature studies, interview methods, and fishbone diagrams. The risk factors were arranged in the form of questionnaires distributed to five respondents from various fields such as academics, the ministry of environment, the sanitation department, non-governmental organizations. The respondents were asked to provide a risk assessment based on expertise and professionalism. The result shows that several highest RPN values such as manual technology (729), number of technologies (729), legal compliance (729), and recycling costs (729). At the same time, other factors are still in the medium and low category. Thus, risk evaluation in the e-waste management process is focused on the highest risk category. Furthermore, this research can be an approach to evaluating risk management from electronic waste in DKI Jakarta-Indonesia and other developing countries. Further studies to improve the results of this research need to be carried out that will be useful for further action in the future.

Keywords:

e-waste; fishbone; FMEA; Risk; RPN.

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