International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 10 (2020) No. 5, pages: 1881-1888, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.10.5.7606

Human-Robot Interaction Based on Dialog Management Using Sentence Similarity Comparison Method

Dinda Ayu Permatasari, Hanif Fakhrurroja, Carmadi Machbub

Abstract

Advances in developing dialogue systems regarding speech recognition, language understanding, and speech synthesis. Dialogue systems to support human interaction with a robot efficiently by using spoken language. Facilities that provide convenience in carrying out daily activities for someone, such as older people, are necessary. The existence of Human-Robot Interaction (HRI), so that this interaction can give orders to the robot to do work that cannot be done by humans. This study presents a dialogue management system for HRI with a comparison sentence similarity method between TF-IDF (Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency) Cosine Similarity Algorithm and Jaccard Coefficient and using Finite State Machine (FSM). Dialogue Management is a way to find the response of the answer. When the user says something or in other words, is responsible for managing the flow of the conversation to command the robot. TF-IDF is used to give the weight of the term relationship and comparison between Cosine Similarity and Jaccard Coefficient for comparison method to determine the classification of similarity sentences from the dialogue manager to improve the intent of the dialogue, for the FSM method to set the sequence flow dialogue. We use Google Cloud Speech API as an engine for speech to text using Kinect V2 as an audio sensor. There are eight scenarios created in this system. The speech recognition process using Google Speech for an average of 2.62 seconds shows a reasonably fast response. TF-IDF Cosine Similarity method can produce enough accuracy of 97.43%, and Jaccard Coefficient indicates an accuracy level of 91.57%. The state of the FSM method can be considered as an efficient structure for building dialogue management. 

Keywords:

dialogue manager; TF-IDF; cosine similarity; finite state machine; human-robot interaction; Google cloud speech.

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