International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 9 (2019) No. 2, pages: 560-568, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.9.2.7891

Effect of Heat Treatment Process on The Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of The Spray Coating Ni-Cr on CT38 Steel

Anh Tuan Hoang, Thi Thanh Van Tran, Van Bach Nguyen, Duong Nam Nguyen


The thermal spray has been commonly used in several applications to replace the plating technology due to high adhesion, low cost, and environmental pollution. The thermal coating is usually used to rehibilitate the small disrepair of the crankshaft but the dimension and mechanical properties of such parts are still maintaned. Commonly, the microstructure and mechanical properties are greatly affected by depth of thermal coating, and thermal coating needs to be conducted the heat treatment to homogenize the microstructure between metals of coating and base metals as well as to improve the adhesion, hardness, and wear intensity. In this work, the effects of heat treatment on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the coating layer based on 80Ni-20Cr onto the surface of CT38 steel were conducted. SEM images and EDS analysis were used to determine the distribution of elements before and after heat treatment. In addition, mechanical properties such as Vicker hardness (HV), wear intensity, and adhesion were practically measured. As a result, after heat treatment by annealing under 1100oC during 8h, HV and adhesion were significantly higher than the case of non-heat treatment; meanwhile, wear intensity was found with 3 times lower compared to the unheated sample. The strong bi-lateral diffusion between Cr from coating layer and C from CT38 steel component to form carbide along with a formation of bond Ni-Fe was thought to be the main cause resulting in the improvement of mechanical properties and was demonstrated in this study.


thermal spray; heat treatment; microstructure; mechanical properties.

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