International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 9 (2019) No. 3, pages: 1025-1032, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.9.3.8032

Local Descriptor Approach to Wrist Vein Recognition with DVH-LBP Domain Feature Selection Scheme

Dini Fronitasari, - Basari, Dadang Gunawan

Abstract

Local Binary Pattern (LBP) is one of the well-known image recognition descriptors for texture-based images due to its superiority. LBP can represent texture well due to its ability to discriminate and compute efficiency. However, when it is used to describe textures that are barely visible, such as vein images (especially contactless vein), its discrimination ability is reduced, which leads to lower performance. LBP has extensively been implemented for features extraction in recognition system of hand, eye, face, eye, and other images. Nowadays, there are a lot of developments of hand recognition systems as a hand is a part of the body that can be easily used in the recognition process and it is easier to contact the sensor when taking the image (user-friendly). In particular, a hand consists of various parts that can be used, such as palm and fingers. Other parts like dorsal and wrist can also be used as they have unique characteristics, i.e., they are different from each other, and they do not change with ages. Changes in pixel intensity can be derived from skeletal vein images to distinguish individuals in palm vein recognition. In the previous paper, we proposed a method diagonal, vertical, horizontal local binary pattern (DVH-LBP) for implementing the palm vein recognition system successfully. Through this work, we improve our previous procedure and implement the improved method for recognizing wrist. In particular, this study proposes a new and robust directional extraction technique for encoding the functions of the wrist vein in a simple representation of binary numbers. Simulation results show the low equal error rate (ERR) of the proposed technique is 0.012, and the recognition rate is 99.4%.

Keywords:

wrist vein; pattern recognition; feature extraction; diagonal; vertical; horizontal local binary pattern (DVH-LBP).

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