International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 9 (2019) No. 2, pages: 685-691, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.9.2.8615

Hybrid Preprocessing Method for Support Vector Machine for Classification of Imbalanced Cerebral Infarction Datasets

Zuherman Rustam, Dea A. Utami, Rahmat Hidayat, Jacub Pandelaki, Widyo A. Nugroho

Abstract

Cerebral infarction is one of the causes of ischemic stroke in the brain, and machine learning can be used in the detection of cerebral infarction in the brain. In diagnosing the presence of cerebral infarction in the brain, machine learning is used because it is not enough just to use a CT scan to diagnose. Support vector machine (SVM) is a machine learning method that is known for its high accuracy value. However, SVM can produce less optimal results if the data used is imbalanced. If imbalanced data is used, the resulting model will be biased. Therefore, this study uses a hybrid preprocessing method for SVM on the classification of an imbalanced cerebral infarction dataset obtained from the Department of Radiology at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. This method is a combination of several sampling methods that deal with the problem of imbalanced data and utilizes undersampling and oversampling techniques in combination with SVM. Oversampling modifying the infarction dataset through the duplication of data with a small number of classes to be balanced with a large number of data classes. While undersampling reducing data with a large number of classes to be balanced with a smaller number of data classes. Undersampling and Oversampling are combined into a hybrid method. This method is a hybrid method of the undersampling and oversampling that can be used in SVM. The results of hybrid method using SVM will be compared with the undersampling and oversampling using SVM, individually. And SVM method without preprocessing the imbalanced dataset. The accuracy of the proposed method reached 94% in our evaluations for SVM using a hybrid preprocessing method.

Keywords:

hybrid preprocessing method; support vector machine; undersampling; oversampling; imbalanced Data; classification of cerebral infarction; ischemic stroke.

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