International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 11 (2021) No. 4, pages: 1352-1359, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.11.4.8868

A Survey of Query Expansion Methods to Improve Relevant Search Engine Results

Nuhu Yusuf, Mohd Amin Mohd Yunus, Norfaradilla Wahid, Aida Mustapha, Mohd Najib Mohd Salleh


Due to large volumes of documents available for retrieval in a search database, an intelligent method is required to retrieve relevant search results. Query expansion is one of such methods widely used in retrieving pertinent results of various search domains. The increased amount of information stored in a search engine database requires the use of query expansion. A query expansion deals with expanding the query by adding additional information to the query for effective retrieving relevant results. Recently, many query expansion techniques have been proposed to addresses the vocabulary mismatch problem that may arise in the information retrieval system. However, these techniques still have low precision results. This paper presents a systematic review of query expansion research from 1999 to 2018. The paper reviewed and discussed 573 research papers on query expansion methods and their application areas. It focuses only on the query expansion in text retrieval of search engines. This review's primary goal is to provide a broad overview of query expansion research and view how research approaches changed. The research paper analyzed and presented the contributions of each query expansion study. It also identifies major application areas of query expansions and their future opportunities. The finding of this study indicates a trend towards using semantic-ontology and pseudo-relevant feedbacks methods. This work will be beneficial to query expansion researchers in extending future work on query expansion research.


Query expansion; query expansion methods; query expansion methods; search engine; information retrieval.

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