International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 1 (2011) No. 4, pages: 458-461, Proceeding of the International Conference on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology (ICASEIT 2011), Bangi, Malaysia, 14-15 January 2011, DOI:10.18517/ijaseit.1.4.93

Tuning of PID Controller Using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)

Mahmud Iwan Solihin, Lee Fook Tack, Moey Leap Kean


The aim of this research is to design a PID Controller using PSO algorithm. The model of a DC motor is used as a plant in this paper. The conventional gain tuning of PID controller (such as Ziegler-Nichols (ZN) method) usually produces a big overshoot, and therefore modern heuristics approach such as genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) are employed to enhance the capability of traditional techniques. However, due to the computational efficiency, only PSO will be used in this paper. The comparison between PSO-based PID (PSO-PID) performance and the ZN-PID is presented. The results show the advantage of the PID tuning using PSO-based optimization approach.


PID tuning; PSO algorithm; optimization; Ziegler-Nichols Method

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