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Toxicity of Nitrification Inhibitors on Dehydrogenase Activity in Soils

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@article{IJASEIT23,
   author = {Ferisman Tindaon and Gero Benckiser and Johannes C. G. Ottow},
   title = {Toxicity of Nitrification Inhibitors on Dehydrogenase Activity in Soils},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {1},
   number = {1},
   year = {2011},
   pages = {98--103},
   keywords = {toxicity; nitrification inhibitors ;dehydrogenase},
   abstract = {The objective of this research was to determine the effects of nitrification inhibitors (NIs) such as 3,4-dimethylpyrazolephosphate=DMPP, 4-Chlor-methylpyrazole phosphate=ClMPP and dicyandiamide,DCD) which might be expected to inhibit microbial activity, on dehydrogenase activity (DRA),in three different soils in laboratory conditions. Dehydrogenase activity were assessed via reduction of 2-p-Iodophenyl-3-p-nitrophenyl-5-phenyltetrazoliumchloride (INT). The toxicity and dose response curve of three NIs were quantified under laboratory conditions using a loamy clay, a sandy loam and a sandy soil. The quantitative determination of DHA was carried out spectrophotometrically. In all experiments, the influence of 5-1000 times the base concentration were examined. To evaluate the rate of inhibition with the increasing NI concentrations, dose reponse curves were presented and no observable effect level =NOEL, as well as effective dose ED10 and ED 50(10% and 50% inhibition) were calculated. The NOEL for common microbial activity such as DHA was about 30–70 times higher than base concentration in all investigated soils. ClMPP exhibited the strongest influence on the non target microbial processes in the three soils if it compare to DMPP and DCD. The NOEL,ED10 and ED50 values higher in clay than in loamy or sandy soil. The NIs were generally most effective in sandy soils. The three NIs considered at the present state of knowledge as environmentally safe in use.},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=23},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.1.1.23}
}

EndNote

%A Tindaon, Ferisman
%A Benckiser, Gero
%A Ottow, Johannes C. G.
%D 2011
%T Toxicity of Nitrification Inhibitors on Dehydrogenase Activity in Soils
%B 2011
%9 toxicity; nitrification inhibitors ;dehydrogenase
%! Toxicity of Nitrification Inhibitors on Dehydrogenase Activity in Soils
%K toxicity; nitrification inhibitors ;dehydrogenase
%X The objective of this research was to determine the effects of nitrification inhibitors (NIs) such as 3,4-dimethylpyrazolephosphate=DMPP, 4-Chlor-methylpyrazole phosphate=ClMPP and dicyandiamide,DCD) which might be expected to inhibit microbial activity, on dehydrogenase activity (DRA),in three different soils in laboratory conditions. Dehydrogenase activity were assessed via reduction of 2-p-Iodophenyl-3-p-nitrophenyl-5-phenyltetrazoliumchloride (INT). The toxicity and dose response curve of three NIs were quantified under laboratory conditions using a loamy clay, a sandy loam and a sandy soil. The quantitative determination of DHA was carried out spectrophotometrically. In all experiments, the influence of 5-1000 times the base concentration were examined. To evaluate the rate of inhibition with the increasing NI concentrations, dose reponse curves were presented and no observable effect level =NOEL, as well as effective dose ED10 and ED 50(10% and 50% inhibition) were calculated. The NOEL for common microbial activity such as DHA was about 30–70 times higher than base concentration in all investigated soils. ClMPP exhibited the strongest influence on the non target microbial processes in the three soils if it compare to DMPP and DCD. The NOEL,ED10 and ED50 values higher in clay than in loamy or sandy soil. The NIs were generally most effective in sandy soils. The three NIs considered at the present state of knowledge as environmentally safe in use.
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=23
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.1.1.23
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 1
%N 1
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Ferisman Tindaon,Gero Benckiser and Johannes C. G. Ottow,"Toxicity of Nitrification Inhibitors on Dehydrogenase Activity in Soils," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 98-103, 2011. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.1.1.23.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Tindaon, Ferisman
AU  - Benckiser, Gero
AU  - Ottow, Johannes C. G.
PY  - 2011
TI  - Toxicity of Nitrification Inhibitors on Dehydrogenase Activity in Soils
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 1 (2011) No. 1
Y2  - 2011
SP  - 98
EP  - 103
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - toxicity; nitrification inhibitors ;dehydrogenase
N2  - The objective of this research was to determine the effects of nitrification inhibitors (NIs) such as 3,4-dimethylpyrazolephosphate=DMPP, 4-Chlor-methylpyrazole phosphate=ClMPP and dicyandiamide,DCD) which might be expected to inhibit microbial activity, on dehydrogenase activity (DRA),in three different soils in laboratory conditions. Dehydrogenase activity were assessed via reduction of 2-p-Iodophenyl-3-p-nitrophenyl-5-phenyltetrazoliumchloride (INT). The toxicity and dose response curve of three NIs were quantified under laboratory conditions using a loamy clay, a sandy loam and a sandy soil. The quantitative determination of DHA was carried out spectrophotometrically. In all experiments, the influence of 5-1000 times the base concentration were examined. To evaluate the rate of inhibition with the increasing NI concentrations, dose reponse curves were presented and no observable effect level =NOEL, as well as effective dose ED10 and ED 50(10% and 50% inhibition) were calculated. The NOEL for common microbial activity such as DHA was about 30–70 times higher than base concentration in all investigated soils. ClMPP exhibited the strongest influence on the non target microbial processes in the three soils if it compare to DMPP and DCD. The NOEL,ED10 and ED50 values higher in clay than in loamy or sandy soil. The NIs were generally most effective in sandy soils. The three NIs considered at the present state of knowledge as environmentally safe in use.
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=23
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.1.1.23

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 23
A1 Tindaon, Ferisman
A1 Benckiser, Gero
A1 Ottow, Johannes C. G.
T1 Toxicity of Nitrification Inhibitors on Dehydrogenase Activity in Soils
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 1
IS 1
YR 2011
SP 98
OP 103
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 toxicity; nitrification inhibitors ;dehydrogenase
AB The objective of this research was to determine the effects of nitrification inhibitors (NIs) such as 3,4-dimethylpyrazolephosphate=DMPP, 4-Chlor-methylpyrazole phosphate=ClMPP and dicyandiamide,DCD) which might be expected to inhibit microbial activity, on dehydrogenase activity (DRA),in three different soils in laboratory conditions. Dehydrogenase activity were assessed via reduction of 2-p-Iodophenyl-3-p-nitrophenyl-5-phenyltetrazoliumchloride (INT). The toxicity and dose response curve of three NIs were quantified under laboratory conditions using a loamy clay, a sandy loam and a sandy soil. The quantitative determination of DHA was carried out spectrophotometrically. In all experiments, the influence of 5-1000 times the base concentration were examined. To evaluate the rate of inhibition with the increasing NI concentrations, dose reponse curves were presented and no observable effect level =NOEL, as well as effective dose ED10 and ED 50(10% and 50% inhibition) were calculated. The NOEL for common microbial activity such as DHA was about 30–70 times higher than base concentration in all investigated soils. ClMPP exhibited the strongest influence on the non target microbial processes in the three soils if it compare to DMPP and DCD. The NOEL,ED10 and ED50 values higher in clay than in loamy or sandy soil. The NIs were generally most effective in sandy soils. The three NIs considered at the present state of knowledge as environmentally safe in use.
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=23
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.1.1.23