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Utilization of Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber of Palm Oil Industry for Bio-Hydrogen Production

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@article{IJASEIT3985,
   author = {Eka Sari and Mohammad Effendy and Nufus Kanani and - Wardalia and - Rusdi},
   title = {Utilization of Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber of Palm Oil Industry for Bio-Hydrogen Production},
   journal = {International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology},
   volume = {8},
   number = {3},
   year = {2018},
   pages = {842--848},
   keywords = {empty fruit bunch; bio-ethanol; cracking; bio-hydrogen; simulation},
   abstract = {Empty fruit bunch fiber (EFBf) is a type of biomass waste generated by the palm oil industry, which accounts for approximately 22-23% of the total fresh fruit produced to make CPO. Currently, the total waste of EFBf  in Indonesia stands at about 5 million tons per year. It is necessary, therefore, to find solutions for utilizing this abundance. One alternative is to produce bio-hydrogen from the EFBf bio-mass waste. The early stage of the process was to convert EFBF biomass waste into bio-ethanol, which could then be subjected to high temperatures in a ‘cracking’ process to produce bio-hydrogen. The characteristics of the bio-ethanol were analysed, and it was used as Bio-ethanol Reformer, a raw material in the cracking process. The results showed that a pre-treatment process using sodium hydroxide at a concentration of 6% for 60 minutes resulted in an 86.69% elimination of lignin. Pre-treated EBFf bio-mass waste hydrolysed using sulphuric acid at a concentration of 6% for 60 minutes, produced 0.6054% glucose. The fermentation process showed 6.58% bio-ethanol.  Based on the characteristics of the bio-ethanol produced in this experiment, a simulation calculation for the production of bio-hydrogen was then performed using the cracking process of bio-ethanol with specified process conditions. The simulation calculations showed that the yield of bio-hydrogen in the cracking process reached 21.4%.},
   issn = {2088-5334},
   publisher = {INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development},
   url = {http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=3985},
   doi = {10.18517/ijaseit.8.3.3985}
}

EndNote

%A Sari, Eka
%A Effendy, Mohammad
%A Kanani, Nufus
%A Wardalia, -
%A Rusdi, -
%D 2018
%T Utilization of Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber of Palm Oil Industry for Bio-Hydrogen Production
%B 2018
%9 empty fruit bunch; bio-ethanol; cracking; bio-hydrogen; simulation
%! Utilization of Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber of Palm Oil Industry for Bio-Hydrogen Production
%K empty fruit bunch; bio-ethanol; cracking; bio-hydrogen; simulation
%X Empty fruit bunch fiber (EFBf) is a type of biomass waste generated by the palm oil industry, which accounts for approximately 22-23% of the total fresh fruit produced to make CPO. Currently, the total waste of EFBf  in Indonesia stands at about 5 million tons per year. It is necessary, therefore, to find solutions for utilizing this abundance. One alternative is to produce bio-hydrogen from the EFBf bio-mass waste. The early stage of the process was to convert EFBF biomass waste into bio-ethanol, which could then be subjected to high temperatures in a ‘cracking’ process to produce bio-hydrogen. The characteristics of the bio-ethanol were analysed, and it was used as Bio-ethanol Reformer, a raw material in the cracking process. The results showed that a pre-treatment process using sodium hydroxide at a concentration of 6% for 60 minutes resulted in an 86.69% elimination of lignin. Pre-treated EBFf bio-mass waste hydrolysed using sulphuric acid at a concentration of 6% for 60 minutes, produced 0.6054% glucose. The fermentation process showed 6.58% bio-ethanol.  Based on the characteristics of the bio-ethanol produced in this experiment, a simulation calculation for the production of bio-hydrogen was then performed using the cracking process of bio-ethanol with specified process conditions. The simulation calculations showed that the yield of bio-hydrogen in the cracking process reached 21.4%.
%U http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=3985
%R doi:10.18517/ijaseit.8.3.3985
%J International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
%V 8
%N 3
%@ 2088-5334

IEEE

Eka Sari,Mohammad Effendy,Nufus Kanani,- Wardalia and - Rusdi,"Utilization of Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber of Palm Oil Industry for Bio-Hydrogen Production," International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 842-848, 2018. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.8.3.3985.

RefMan/ProCite (RIS)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Sari, Eka
AU  - Effendy, Mohammad
AU  - Kanani, Nufus
AU  - Wardalia, -
AU  - Rusdi, -
PY  - 2018
TI  - Utilization of Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber of Palm Oil Industry for Bio-Hydrogen Production
JF  - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology; Vol. 8 (2018) No. 3
Y2  - 2018
SP  - 842
EP  - 848
SN  - 2088-5334
PB  - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
KW  - empty fruit bunch; bio-ethanol; cracking; bio-hydrogen; simulation
N2  - Empty fruit bunch fiber (EFBf) is a type of biomass waste generated by the palm oil industry, which accounts for approximately 22-23% of the total fresh fruit produced to make CPO. Currently, the total waste of EFBf  in Indonesia stands at about 5 million tons per year. It is necessary, therefore, to find solutions for utilizing this abundance. One alternative is to produce bio-hydrogen from the EFBf bio-mass waste. The early stage of the process was to convert EFBF biomass waste into bio-ethanol, which could then be subjected to high temperatures in a ‘cracking’ process to produce bio-hydrogen. The characteristics of the bio-ethanol were analysed, and it was used as Bio-ethanol Reformer, a raw material in the cracking process. The results showed that a pre-treatment process using sodium hydroxide at a concentration of 6% for 60 minutes resulted in an 86.69% elimination of lignin. Pre-treated EBFf bio-mass waste hydrolysed using sulphuric acid at a concentration of 6% for 60 minutes, produced 0.6054% glucose. The fermentation process showed 6.58% bio-ethanol.  Based on the characteristics of the bio-ethanol produced in this experiment, a simulation calculation for the production of bio-hydrogen was then performed using the cracking process of bio-ethanol with specified process conditions. The simulation calculations showed that the yield of bio-hydrogen in the cracking process reached 21.4%.
UR  - http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=3985
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.8.3.3985

RefWorks

RT Journal Article
ID 3985
A1 Sari, Eka
A1 Effendy, Mohammad
A1 Kanani, Nufus
A1 Wardalia, -
A1 Rusdi, -
T1 Utilization of Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber of Palm Oil Industry for Bio-Hydrogen Production
JF International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
VO 8
IS 3
YR 2018
SP 842
OP 848
SN 2088-5334
PB INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development
K1 empty fruit bunch; bio-ethanol; cracking; bio-hydrogen; simulation
AB Empty fruit bunch fiber (EFBf) is a type of biomass waste generated by the palm oil industry, which accounts for approximately 22-23% of the total fresh fruit produced to make CPO. Currently, the total waste of EFBf  in Indonesia stands at about 5 million tons per year. It is necessary, therefore, to find solutions for utilizing this abundance. One alternative is to produce bio-hydrogen from the EFBf bio-mass waste. The early stage of the process was to convert EFBF biomass waste into bio-ethanol, which could then be subjected to high temperatures in a ‘cracking’ process to produce bio-hydrogen. The characteristics of the bio-ethanol were analysed, and it was used as Bio-ethanol Reformer, a raw material in the cracking process. The results showed that a pre-treatment process using sodium hydroxide at a concentration of 6% for 60 minutes resulted in an 86.69% elimination of lignin. Pre-treated EBFf bio-mass waste hydrolysed using sulphuric acid at a concentration of 6% for 60 minutes, produced 0.6054% glucose. The fermentation process showed 6.58% bio-ethanol.  Based on the characteristics of the bio-ethanol produced in this experiment, a simulation calculation for the production of bio-hydrogen was then performed using the cracking process of bio-ethanol with specified process conditions. The simulation calculations showed that the yield of bio-hydrogen in the cracking process reached 21.4%.
LK http://ijaseit.insightsociety.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=1&article_id=3985
DO  - 10.18517/ijaseit.8.3.3985