Effectiveness of Screening Models in Improving the Quality of Cenrana River Water as a Drinking Water

Ahmad Rifqi Asrib (1), Mithen Lullulangi (2), Helda Ibrahim (3)
(1) Department of Civil Engineering Education Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(2) Department of Civil Engineering Education Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Islam Makassar, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
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Asrib, Ahmad Rifqi, et al. “Effectiveness of Screening Models in Improving the Quality of Cenrana River Water As a Drinking Water”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 14, no. 1, Feb. 2024, pp. 326-32, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.14.1.19330.
The objective of this study is to assess the quality of the Cenrana River water as a potential drinking water source for a community in the Cenrana watershed Wajo, as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of a basic water purification system in improving its condition. Cenrana River is located in the Maros Regency and Bone Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The study was conducted at the Laboratory of Material Testing, Faculty of Engineering Universitas Negeri Makassar, and the Makassar Health Laboratory Center. Water samples are taken in the Walanae River located in Bone Regency and tested in the abovementioned laboratory. This type of research is experimental, which involves assembling a simple clarification tool in the material testing laboratory, and then raw water is purified with the device. Water samples, both raw water and purified water, are tested at the Makassar Health Laboratory Center. The data analysis used is qualitative descriptive, which compares the results of laboratory tests of raw water that have not been clarified and the results of laboratory tests of water that have been purified with the parameters of clean water standard criteria based on the regulation by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The results showed that although the water had been cleaned through two filters, several parameters tended to increase from the previous year's test results with one filter, such as the No2 content from 0.017 to 0.034, No3 from 0.01 to 0.39, dissolved solids from 152 to 156, Fe from 0.01 to 0.17, Mn from 0.01 to 0.15, SO4 from 14.39 to 15, 54, and Ammonia from 0.05 to 0.29 even though it still meets the standards of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. In addition, the raw water coliform content also increased from an average of 6,600/100 ml in 2016 to 20,050/100 ml in 2019. This means that there is a tendency for Cenrana River water pollution may increase every year.

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