Compost and Biochar Characteristics Test of Some Animal Manure Waste

I Dewa Nyoman Sudita (1), Yohanes Parlindungan Situmeang (2), Made Suarta (3)
(1) Study Program of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Warmadewa University. Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia
(2) Study Program of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Warmadewa University, Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia
(3) Study Program of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Warmadewa University, Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia
Fulltext View | Download
How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Sudita, I Dewa Nyoman, et al. “Compost and Biochar Characteristics Test of Some Animal Manure Waste”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 11, no. 1, Feb. 2021, pp. 266-71, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.11.1.11346.
This study aims to determine the quality of compost and biochar from some animal manure in improving soil properties and fruit yields of chili plants. This research was conducted in a greenhouse, with nesting experiments using a random block design. The treatment composition consisted of 6 types of fertilizer (cow compost, goat compost, chicken compost, cow biochar, goat biochar, chicken biochar), and three levels of fertilizer doses (5, 10, and 15 tons ha-1) and one treatment control. The results showed differences in fertilizer types differed significantly for N-total soil and weight of red chili and were significantly different from P-available in the soil. While the difference in compost fertilizer dose has a significant effect on P-available and K-available soil, cow dung compost has the lowest effect on soil properties. The number and weight of fresh red chili per plant, while compost goat manure tends to be highest. Biochar from chicken droppings and doses significantly influenced the total N, the highest available P and the lowest C/N, and the amount and weight of fresh red chili. From this study, it can be concluded that the type of raw material for livestock manure for compost and biochar affects soil properties and red chili production, where compost and biochar from goats and chicken manure are better than cow dung. This research's implication is the type of animal feed ingredients affecting the face of livestock and determining the quality of compost and biochar.

Ye, L., Zhao, X., Bao, E., Li, J., Zou, Z., and Cao, K. 2020. Bio-organic fertilizer with reduced rates of chemical fertilization improves soil fertility and enhances tomato yield and quality. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-11.

Sudita, I. D. N., Suariani, Y. T. L., Kaca, I. N., and Yudiastari, N. M. 2018. The effectiveness of "Simantri" program in producing organic fertilizer and biourine to organic farming system in Bali, Indonesia. MATEC Web of Conferences 197; 13002. EDP Sciences.

Kurnia, U., Setyorini D., Prihatini T., Sutono S., dan Suganda, H. 2001. Perkembangan dan penggunaan pupuk oraganik di Indonesia. Direktorat Pupuk dan Pestisida. Direktorat Jendral Bina Sarana Pertanian. Jakarta. Nopember 2001 (tidak dipublikasikan).

Garcia C, Hemandez T, Costa F, Ceccanti B. 1994. Biochemical parameters in soil generated by the addition of organic waste. Wastes Management and Res. 12: 457-466.

Li, S., Li, J., Zhang, B., Li, D., Li, G., and Li, Y. 2017. Effect of different organic fertilizers application on growth and environmental risk of nitrate under a vegetable field. Scientific reports, 7(1), 1-9.

Hartatik, W. and Widowati, L. R. 2006. Pupuk Kandang. Pupuk Organik dan Pupuk Hayati. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Setyorini, D., Saraswati, R. dan Anwar, E. K. 2006. Kompos. Pupuk Organik dan Pupuk Hayati. Balai Besar Penelitian Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Bogor. Hal.11-40

Tan, K. H. 1991. Principle of Soil Chemistry (Dasar-Dasar Kimia Tanah) (Alih bahasa: Didiek Hadjar Goenardi) Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta. p, 295.

Situmeang, Y. P., Sudita, I D N., and Suarta, M. 2019. Manure Utilization from Cows, Goats, and Chickens as Compost, Biochar, and Poschar in Increasing the Red Chili Yield. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering, and Information Technology 9(6), 2188-2095.

Lin, W., Lin, M., Zhou, H., Wu, H., Li, Z., and Lin, W. 2019. The effects of chemical and organic fertilizer usage on rhizosphere soil in tea orchards. PloS one, 14(5).

Abera, T., Tufa, T., Midega, T., Kumbi, H., and Tola, B. 2018. Effect of integrated inorganic and organic fertilizers on yield and yield components of Barley in Liben Jawi District. Hindawi, International Journal of Agronomy, 2018.

Sutanto, R. 2002. Pertanian Organik: Menuju Pertanian Alternatif dan berkelanjutan. Penerbit Kanisius. Jogyakarta.

Bambang SA 2012. Si Hitam Biochar yang Multiguna. PT. Perkebunan Nusantara X (Persero), Surabaya

Harsanti, E. S. dan Ardiwinata, A. N. 2011. Arang aktif meningkatkan kualitas lingkungan. Agritani Edisi, 6-12.

Putra, IGLAAA, Situmeang, Y.P., Yuliartini, M.S., and Udayana, I.G.B. 2019. Application of biochar and compost to changes in physical and chemical properties of soil and corn yield on dry land. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1402, No. 5, p. 055029). IOP Publishing

Situmeang Y. P., Adnyana I M., Subadiyasa I N. N., and Merit I N. 2018. Effectiveness of bamboo biochar combined with compost and NPK fertilizer to improved soil quality and corn yield. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering, and Information Technology, 8(5), 2241-2248.

Pavlí­koví¡, D., Zemanova, V., BÅ™endoví¡, K., Kubatova, P., and TlustoÅ¡, P. 2017. Effect of biochar application on the content of nutrients (Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, P) and amino acids in subsequently growing spinach and mustard. Plant, Soil and Environment, 63(7), 322-327.

Situmeang, Y. P. 2018. Soil quality in corn cultivation using bamboo biochar, compost, and phonska. In MATEC Web of Conferences (Vol. 197, p. 13001). EDP Sciences.

Amaral, H. D. D. R., Situmeang, Y. P., and Suarta, M. 2019. The effects of compost and biochar on the growth and yield of red chili plants. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1402 (3) 033057.

Dapa, D. S., Situmeang, Y. P., and Sudewa, K. A. 2020. The Use of Biochar from Cow Feces and Bioboost in The Red Chili Plant (Capsicum annum L.). SEAS (Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science), 3(2), 118-123.

Sutriadi, M.T., Hidayat, R., Rochayati, dan Setyorini, D. 2005. Ameliorasi lahan dengan fosfat alami untuk perbaikan kesuburan tanah kering masam Typic Hapludox di Kalimantan Selatan. Proceding Seminar Nasional Inovasi Teknologi Sumber Daya Tanah dan Iklim. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanah dan Agroklimit, Bogor.

Widowati L.R., Widiati, S dan Setyorini, D. 2004. Karakterisasi Pupuk Organik dan Pupuk Hayati yang Efektif untuk Budidaya Sayuran Organik. Laporan Proyek Penelitian Program Pengembangan Agribisnis, Balai Penelitian Tanah.

Ahmad, T., Syed, T.S., Ullah, F., Ghafoor, F., and Anwar, U. 2017. Effect of organic fertilizers on growth and yield of coriander. International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Research (IJAER). 3(1): 116-120

Sudita, I. D. N., Mahardika, I. G., Suarna, I. W., and Partama, I. G. 2015. Analysis of feed for digestibility bali cow in group" Simantri" program in Bali on different topographic. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering, and Information Technology, 5(6), 495-500.

Hamouda, R., Bahnasawy, A., & Ali, S. Ramadan ElS 2016. Some Physical and Chemical Properties of Bio-fertilizers. J Fertil Pestic, 7(161), 2.

Sudita, I. D. N. 2019. Nutrient fulfilling status for bali cows in Bali, Indonesia in season differences. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1402 (3) 033062. IOP Publishing.

Ahmad, A. A., Radovich, T. J., Nguyen, H. V., Uyeda, J., Arakaki, A., Cadby, J., ... and Teves, G. 2016. Use of organic fertilizers to enhance soil fertility, plant growth, and yield in a tropical environment. Organic Fertilizers-From Basic Concepts to Applied Outcomes, 85-108.

Luo, J., Ran, W., Hu, J., Yang, X., Xu, Y., and Shen, Q. 2010. Application of Bio-Organic Fertilizer Significantly Affected Fungal Diversity of Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal (SSSAJ), 74 (6), 2039-2048.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).