Increasing the Displacement Ductility Factor of Spun Pile Using Concrete Infill

Candra Irawan (1), - Faimun (2), Rudy Djamaluddin (3), I Gusti Putu Raka (4), Priyo Suprobo (5), Gambiro Soeprapto (6)
(1) Department of Civil Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
(2) Department of Civil Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
(3) Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Hasanuddin, Gowa 92171, Indonesia
(4) Department of Civil Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
(5) Department of Civil Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
(6) PT Wijaya Karya Beton, Tbk., Jakarta 13340, Indonesia
Fulltext View | Download
How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Irawan, Candra, et al. “Increasing the Displacement Ductility Factor of Spun Pile Using Concrete Infill”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 10, no. 5, Oct. 2020, pp. 2028-34, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.10.5.12814.
Displacement ductility is one of the parameters used to measure the seismic performance of a structure. This study experimentally determines the increase in displacement ductility of the spun pile with 400 mm of outer diameter and 100 mm of wall thickness using concrete infill cast inside the hollow of the pile. The spun pile and concrete infill's concrete compressive strength was 54.4 MPa and 33.0 MPa, respectively. Loading was conducted with constant axial and reversed lateral flexural loads. A total of six samples were tested with different axial loads of 392 kN (0.08fc'Ag) for S-DB-1, S-DB-2, S-DB-5, and 784 kN (0.16fc'Ag) for S-DB-3, S-DB-4, S-DB-6 with the reverse flexure load applied in the middle span of the pile. The results showed spun piles with concrete infill could resist the flexural load combined with axial loads until the displacement ductility 5.8 for P0 = 0.08fc'Ag, and 3.7 for P0 = 0.16fc'Ag, respectively. Compared with the ordinary spun piles, which had a hollow section, the presence of concrete infill due to the presence of the concrete infill the displacement ductility increased by 18% when loaded with 0.08f'cAg and 42% at 0.16f'cAg of axial loads. In conclusion, according to seismic codes, displacement ductility evaluation showed that tested piles for plastic concept design applications are appropriate for moderate seismic risks category state under axial loads of 0.08fc'Ag. The increasing of the axial load becomes 0.16fc'Ag decreasing the displacement ductility to become less than 4, applicable for low seismic risks category state.

H. Kishida, T. Hanazato, and S. Nakai, “Damage of reinforced precast piles during the Miyagi-Ken-Oki earthquake of June 12, 1972”, Proceedings of the Seventh World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey, 1980, vol. 9.

H. Mizuno, M. Iiba, and T. Hirade, “Pile Damage during 1995 Hyougoken-Nanbu Earthquake in Japan”, Proceeding of Eleventh World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 1996, Paper No. 977.

A. M. Budek, and M. J. N. Priestly, “Experimental Analysis of Flexural Hinging in Hollow Marine Prestressed Pile Shaft”, Coastal Engineering Journal, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 1-20, 2005.

S. Banerjee, J. F. Stanton, and N. M. Hawkins, “Seismic Performance of Precast Prestressed Concrete Piles”. Journal of Structural Engineering, vol 113(2), pp. 381-396, 1987.

J. Hoshikuma, and M. J. N. Priestley, (2000). “Flexural Behavior of Circular Hollow Columns with a Single Layer of Reinforcement under Seismic Loading”. Final Research Report for Caltrans under Contract No. 59A0051.

J. b. Mander, M. J. N. Priestly, R. Park, “Observed Stress-Strain Behavior of Confined Concrete”, Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 114(8), pp. 1827-1849, 1988.

M. C. Nigels, “Design of Prestressed Concrete Piles for Seismic Load Adds a New Dimension”, Piledriver, Q4, pp. 32-36, 2005.

M. Akiyama, S. Abe, N. Aoki, and M. Suzuki, “Flexural Test of Precast High-strength Reinforced Concrete Pile Prestressed with Unbonded Bars Arranged at the Center of the Cross-section”. Engineering Structures Journal, vol.34, pp. 259-270, 2012.

S. Ikeda, T. Tsubaki, and T. Yamaguchi, “Ductility improvement of prestressed concrete piles,” Transactions of the Japan Concrete Institute, vol. 4, pp. 531-538, 1982.

H. Muguruma, F. Watanabe, and M. Nishiyama, “Improving The flexural Ductility of Pretensioned High Strength Spun Concrete Piles by Lateral Conï¬ning of Concrete”, Proceedings of the Paciï¬c Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Wairakei, New Zealand, 1987, Vol. 1, pp. 385-396.

F. A. Zahn, R. Park, and M. J. N. Priestly, “ Flexural Strength and Ductility of Circular Hollow Reinforced Concrete Columns without Confinement on Inside Face”, ACI Structural Journal, no 87-S17, pp. 156-166, March-April 1990.

R. Tuladhar, H. Mutsuyoshi, T. Maki, and K. Daigo, “Lateral Loading Tests of Full Scaled Concrete Piles Embedded into the Ground”, Bulletin of Engineering Faculty Saitama University, no. 38, pp. 74-80, 2005.

N. Takase, M. Ikegame, S. Tanamura, A. Nishimura, and M. Kondou, “Seismic Design of Pile Foundation”, QR of RTRI, vol. 40 no.3, pp. 152-157, 1999.

N.M. Hawkins, and S.K. Ghosh, “Proposed Revisions to 1997 NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for Precast Concrete Structure”, PCI Journal, pp. 34-44, 2000.

Acceptance Criteria for Moment Frames Based on Structural Testing and Commentary, ACI Committee 347.1, 2005.

C. Irawan, I. G. P. Raka, R. Djamaluddin, P. Suprobo, and Gambiro, “Ductility and Seismic Performance of Spun Pile under Constant Axial and Reverse Flexural Loading”, Proceeding of International Symposium on Concrete Technology, Makassar, Indonesia, 2017.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).