Feasibility Analysis of Compact-Mobile Biomass Pallet Technology as Renewable Fuel for Small and Medium Industries

Sawarni Hasibuan (1), Hendra Adiyatna (2), Imas Widowati (3), Jayakrishna Kandasamy (4)
(1) Industrial Engineering Program, Universitas Mercu Buana, Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Bina Tunggal, Bekasi, West Java, Indonesia
(3) Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Bina Tunggal, Bekasi, West Java, Indonesia
(4) School of Mechanical Engineering, VIT University, Vellore, India
Fulltext View | Download
How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Hasibuan, Sawarni, et al. “Feasibility Analysis of Compact-Mobile Biomass Pallet Technology As Renewable Fuel for Small and Medium Industries”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 10, no. 6, Dec. 2020, pp. 2484-90, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.10.6.13775.
Wood or biomass pallets as renewable energy are possible to use like B20 to meet small and medium industries (SMEs). This research aims to analyze the feasibility of the compact-mobile wooden pallet biomass production to meet the needs of a case study on Food SMEs.  Specifically analyzed aspects of raw materials and supply chains, market and marketing, compact-mobile pallet technology, and financial feasibility.  The data collected consists of primary and secondary data.  Primary data is obtained through expert interviews related to recommendations, while secondary data is compiled from relevant company report results, production and consumption data, investment data, and operational costs.  The compact-mobile wood pallet supply chain starts from raw materials, processing, transportation, and end-use.  The compact-mobile wood pallet industry is designed to have 5 tons/hour with a defect rate of 5%.  The capital cost requirement is projected to be IDR 30 billion.  The BEP is at a minimum capacity of 2.82 tons of compact-mobile wood pellet per hour.  Financially, the compact-mobile pallet industry deserves a WACC of 10.95%, NPV value of IDR 28.94 billion, IRR 21.82%, and 6-year PBP.  The simulation results from the pallet's selling price at least IDR 1,038,145 per ton but the PBP increased to 11 years.  The development of a wood pellet industry is related to the efforts of diversification and saving the use of fossil energy fuels; therefore, the form of infrastructure that must be prepared is not only physical needs.

T. Fungenzi, “Biomass as an opportunity to solve Indonesia’s energy challenge,” L. Reclam. Restor., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-12, 2015.

M. Faizal, “Utilization biomass and coal mixture to produce alternative solid fuel for reducing emission of green house gas,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 950-956, 2017, doi: 10.18517/ijaseit.7.3.2474.

Z. Foltynowicz and P. Ecology, “Pellet - a Key to Biomass Energy,” vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 197-204, 2012.

I. Deviatkin, M. Khan, E. Ernst, and M. Horttanainen, “Wooden and plastic pallets: A review of life cycle assessment (LCA) studies,” Sustain., vol. 11, no. 20, 2019, doi: 10.3390/su11205750.

C. S. Goh et al., “Wood pellet market and trade: A global perspective,” Biofuels, Bioprod. Biorefining, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 24-42, 2013, doi: 10.1002/bbb.1366.

Committee on Forests and the Forest Industry, “Economic and Social Council Committee on Forests and the Forest Industry,” no. 2 August, pp. 4-9, 2016.

D. Thrí¤n et al., Global wood pellet industry market and trade study, no. June. 2017.

McKinsey Energy Insights, “Global Energy Perspective 2019 : Reference Case,” Energy Insights by McKinsey Co., no. January, 2019.

A. L. Carrano, J. A. Pazour, D. Roy, and B. K. Thorn, “Selection of pallet management strategies based on carbon emissions impact,” Int. J. Prod. Econ., vol. 164, pp. 258-270, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2014.09.037.

Rudianto Amirta, “Pellet kayu,” p. 81, 2018.

Sylviani and E. Y. Suryandari, “Potensi Pengembangan Industri Pelet Kayu sebagai Bahan Bakar Terbarukan Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Wonosobo (Potential Development of Wood Pellets As Renewable Fuel, Case Study of Wonosobo District),” Penelit. Sos. Ekon. Kehutan., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 235-246, 2013.

J. J. Herní¡ndez, M. Lapuerta, E. Monedero, and A. Pazo, “Biomass quality control in power plants: Technical and economical implications,” Renew. Energy, vol. 115, pp. 908-916, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2017.09.026.

M. F. M. Faisal and M. Mahidin, “Biomass Residue from Palm Oil Mills in Aceh Province: A Potential Usage for Sustainable Energy,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol., vol. 3, no. 3, p. 222, 2013, doi: 10.18517/ijaseit.3.3.324.

Q. I. Nation, “Pellet Plant Feasibility Study Project Report,” no. December, 2014.

NREL, “Pre-Feasibility Analysis of Pellet Manufacturing on the Former Loring Air Force Base Site,” Nrel, no. April 2014, 2014.

J. Okado, Moxa, T. Tamren, N. Sakurai, Y. Fujiwara, and T. Hoshi, “Covariance structure analysis of health-related indicators in the elderly at home with a focus on subjective health (Special feature: How to support people’s health) The Structure of Health Factors among Community-dwelling Elderly People,” Compr. urban Res., no. 81, pp. 19-30, 2003, [Online]. Available: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/120006240620/ja/?range=0&sortorder=1&start=1&count=20.

“PMM-NovDec-FF-Infographic-102716-01_14785305724124.” .

et all Rogí©rio dos Santos Alves; Alex Soares de Souza, Produksi dan Pemanfaatan Kaliandra (Calliandra calothyrsus), no. 1. 2014.

S. Hasibuan, H. Thaheer, and H. Juliza, “Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Palm Biodiesel Production towards the Sustainability of Downstream Industry of Indonesia Palm Oil,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 453, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/453/1/012006.

P. Science, N. Resources, and L. Banos, “Note Physico - Chemical Properties Of Wood Pellets From Forest,” vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 589-595, 2014.

G. of I. M. of Power, C. E. A. N. DELHI, and 2018 September, “Technical Specification for Agro Residue Based Bio-Mass Pallets for Co- Firing in Coal Based Thermal Power Plants Technical Specification for Agro Residue Based Bio-Mass Pallets for Co- Firing in Coal Based Thermal Power Plants,” pp. 0-17, 2018.

S. Rahayu, S. Hilyana, E. Suryani, N. H. Sari, and M. Ali, “Analysis of Wood Pellet Quality from Calliandra Callothyrsus , Gliricida Sepium , and Sawdust as New and Renewable Energy,” vol. 1, pp. 110-115, 2020.

Y. W. Lee, C. Ryu, W. J. Lee, and Y. K. Park, “Assessment of wood pellet combustion in a domestic stove,” J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manag., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 165-172, 2011, doi: 10.1007/s10163-011-0014-0.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).