The Utilitarian Decision Making from Islamic Perspectives: Review and Settlement Attempt

Mohammed Al-aaidroos (1), Norleyza Jailani (2), Muriati Mukhtar (3)
(1) Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
(2) Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
(3) Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
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How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Al-aaidroos, Mohammed, et al. “The Utilitarian Decision Making from Islamic Perspectives: Review and Settlement Attempt”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 6, no. 6, Dec. 2016, pp. 896-03, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.6.6.1378.
Utilitarian decision making is a far-famed mechanism that alleged to model humans decisions with the help of certain functions known as utility functions. Utilities metaphorically evaluate alternatives and approximate the satisfaction afforded by each. The utilitarian model is considered the fundamental basis of several artificial intelligence techniques such as game theory, evolutionary, heuristic, and fuzzy based approaches. It has been immensely utilized to develop various intelligent systems such as Decision Support Systems (DSS), Negotiation Support Systems (NSS), Multi Agent Systems (MAS), Shopbots, and proxy bidding systems. Well known that the utilitarian model has been developed based on the hypothesis of rationality and maximization which embodied some secular norms. Islam in the other hand has been derived from diverse set of provisions in which highly upholds tender values and pays significance to moral issues. As a consequence, this paper conducts a brief comparison and deduced two commons bases and four discrepancies. In the time Islam accepts utilitarian conception and do not mind the acquisitive behaves which considered essential in life success but satirically criticizes egoistic encouragement, non-satiation, and un-prioritized preferences. The Islamic objections on the utilitarian decision not necessarily meant the solid inapplicability but a reasonable treatment out to take place in order to be Islamic legitimated. Introducing the altruistic utility supposedly drops the egoistic objection and then a satiated lexicographic utility hoped to cancel the rest of contradictions. The adoption of those treatments ought to assist in developing intelligent systems that rely on Islamic legitimated decision method which upholds the Islamic moral injunctions. It is hoped that this research will provide the impetus for researchers to propose systems that rely on Islamic legitimate decision making.

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