Prioritized Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks

Hyun Joo Park (1)
(1) Department of Smart Information and Telecommunication Engineering, Sangmyung University, 31066, Cheonan, Korea
Fulltext View | Download
How to cite (IJASEIT) :
Park, Hyun Joo. “Prioritized Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks”. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 11, no. 2, Apr. 2021, pp. 642-7, doi:10.18517/ijaseit.11.2.14086.
In this paper, we propose a MAC protocol that provides energy efficiency and QoS for wireless sensor networks. Because it does not classify the data according to the characteristics, traditional MAC protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks cannot provide service differentiations for different traffic classes. For the purpose of QoS support, the input data to the node is divided into priority classes according to the transmission emergency. Depending on the urgency of the data, the protocol can provide time slots for nodes and take different contention window sizes for different traffic classes. Nodes use the reinforcement learning-based control mechanism to actively infer the status of other nodes to classify effectively under various kinds of traffic conditions. The proposed protocol can meet the QoS requirements of delay-sensitive applications and can effectively deal with the problem of a multi-channel hidden terminal with the use of multi-queue. For the next purpose, the proposed protocol is energy efficient because it is based on sleep mode. To improve the energy efficiency, each node has a short non-overlapping listening interval, saving energy in idle listening intervals. This is one of the ways to efficiently use the energy of a node to extend the life of the entire network. This achieves low power consumption by increasing the throughput of data processed across the network and enabling efficient transmission. The classified data can be further improved by rearranging the data according to the nature of the transmitted data in the queue.

I. Villordo-Jimenez, N. Torres-Cruz, M. M. Carvalho, R. Menchaca-Mendez, M. E. Rivero-Angeles, and R. Menchaca-Mendez, “A Selective-Awakening MAC Protocol for Energy-Efficient Data Forwarding in Linear Sensor Networks,” Wirel. Commun. Mob. Comput., vol. 2018, pp. 1-18, 2018, doi: 10.1155/2018/6351623.

A. K. Subramanian and I. Paramasivam, “PRIN: A Priority-Based Energy Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Varying the Sample Inter-Arrival Time,” Wirel. Pers. Commun., vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 863-881, Feb. 2017, doi: 10.1007/s11277-016-3581-5.

A. More and V. Raisinghani, “A survey on energy efficient coverage protocols in wireless sensor networks,” J. King Saud Univ. - Comput. Inf. Sci., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 428-448, Oct. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.jksuci.2016.08.001.

J. Lee and S. Kim, “EnRI-MAC: an enhanced receiver-initiated MAC protocol for various traffic types in wireless sensor networks,” Wirel. Networks, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 1193-1202, Feb. 2020, doi: 10.1007/s11276-018-1854-5.

A. Kochhar, P. Kaur, P. Singh, and S. Sharma, “Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,” J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol., vol. 1, pp. 77-87, Apr. 2018, doi: 10.26636/jtit.2018.117417.

H. J. Park, S. C. Kim, and H. Y. Kim, “Priority Aware Data Collection Mac Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Technol., vol. 124, pp. 69-78, Mar. 2019, doi: 10.33832/ijast.2019.124.06.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, M. Ma, A. Liu, X. Zhang, and G. Luo, “MSDG: A novel green data gathering scheme for wireless sensor networks,” Comput. Networks, vol. 142, pp. 223-239, Sep. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.comnet.2018.06.012.

T. van Dam and K. Langendoen, “An adaptive energy-efficient MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks,” in Proceedings of the first international conference on Embedded networked sensor systems - SenSys ’03, 2003, p. 171, doi: 10.1145/958491.958512.

Z. Tang and Q. Hu, “An Adaptive Low Latency Cross-Layer MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks,” in 2009 Eighth IEEE International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, Dec. 2009, pp. 389-393, doi: 10.1109/DASC.2009.53.

K.-J. PAEK, J. KIM, U.-S. SONG, and C.-S. HWANG, “Priority-Based Medium Access Control Protocol for Providing QoS in Wireless Sensor Networks,” IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst., vol. E90-D, no. 9, pp. 1448-1451, Sep. 2007, doi: 10.1093/ietisy/e90-d.9.1448.

K. Shim and H.-K. Park, “Priority-Based Pipelined-Forwarding MAC Protocol for EH-WSNs,” Wirel. Commun. Mob. Comput., vol. 2019, pp. 1-7, May 2019, doi: 10.1155/2019/5418516.

S. Sarang, M. Drieberg, A. Awang, and R. Ahmad, “A QoS MAC protocol for prioritized data in energy harvesting wireless sensor networks,” Comput. Networks, vol. 144, pp. 141-153, Oct. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.comnet.2018.07.022.

S. C. Kim, H. J. Park, and H. Y. Kim, “Improving the Network Lifetime of WSN Using An Intelligent Data Collection MAC Protocol,” JP J. Heat Mass Transf., no. Special, pp. 99-106, Nov. 2019, doi: 10.17654/HMSI119099.

F. Alfouzan, A. Shahrabi, S. Ghoreyshi, and T. Boutaleb, “An Efficient Scalable Scheduling MAC Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks,” Sensors, vol. 18, no. 9, p. 2806, Aug. 2018, doi: 10.3390/s18092806.

X. Yang, L. Wang, J. Su, and Y. Gong, “Hybrid MAC Protocol Design for Mobile Wireless Sensors Networks,” IEEE Sensors Lett., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 1-4, Jun. 2018, doi: 10.1109/LSENS.2018.2828339.

F. Rismanian Yazdi, M. Hosseinzadeh, and S. Jabbehdari, “A Priority-Based MAC Protocol for Energy Consumption and Delay Guaranteed in Wireless Body Area Networks,” Wirel. Pers. Commun., vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 1677-1696, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.1007/s11277-019-06490-z.

K. Oh, G. Gim, W. Lim, and B. M. Kim, “An Energy-Efficient and Collision-Avoidance MAC Protocol with Pre-scheduling for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Wirel. Pers. Commun., vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 61-78, Sep. 2018, doi: 10.1007/s11277-018-5825-z.

G. Zheng, Y. Sun, B. Kang, H. Ma, J. Li, and Y. Wang, “A QoS-aware MAC protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Int. J. Comput. Sci. Issues, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1-8, Jan. 2017, doi: 10.20943/01201701.18.

H. Y. Kim, S. C. Kim, and H. J. Park, “Priority Aware MAC Protocol for Delay-Bounded Applications in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Int. J. Grid Distrib. Comput., vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 41-50, Oct. 2018, doi: 10.14257/ijgdc.2018.11.10.04.

W. Ye, J. Heidemann, and D. Estrin, “Medium Access Control With Coordinated Adaptive Sleeping for Wireless Sensor Networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 493-506, Jun. 2004, doi: 10.1109/TNET.2004.828953.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).